By Emma Ujah – Abuja Bureau Chief
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced the reduction of interests rate on its intervention loans from 9 per cent to 5 per cent, as well as, an extension of moratorium from one to two years.
The Governor of the bank, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, said at a press briefing in Abuja, Monday, that the measures were the bank’s first set of response to the Coronavirus global crisis, which has adversely affected businesses in many sectors across the world.
He also announced a N50 billion additional fund for the NIRSAL Micro Finance Bank for on-lending to Small and Micro and Enterprises.
Besides, Mr. Emefiele said that CBN has come up with regulatory forbearance to enable Deposit Money Banks to restructure their customers’ loans with a view to reducing the burden on businesses and households.
According to him, “The Coronavirus pandemic is having consequences for both the global and the Nigerian economies. It has already led to unprecedented disruptions in global supply chains, a sharp reduction in crude oil prices, turmoil in the global stock and financial markets, widespread cancellations in sporting, entertainment and business events, lockdown of large source of the movement of persons, in many countries and intercontinental travel restrictions across critical air routes across the world.
“These outcomes have had adverse effects for key sectors including Oil and Gas, airlines, manufacturing, trade and consumer markets.
In furtherance of its financial systems stability mandate, the CBN is committed to providing support for affected households, businesses, regulated financial institutions and other stakeholders in order to cushion the adverse economic consequences of this pandemic on our people.
“Accordingly, CBN hereby announces the following policy measures. Before I go into the details of that, as you may know, CBN, operating through our Deposit Money Banks has close to The CBN has close to N3 trillion in various forms of intervention facilities either through the Anchor Borrowers Programme, the Commercial Agriculture Credit Scheme, our Micro and Medium Enterprises programme or through our ASMIES programme.
“Since we expect that as a result of this pandemic, revenues that would accrue to businesses to runs their businesses not, to talk of paying their bank loans have become so short naturally, we expect that there would be difficulties by businesses to service their loans.
“So we make the following proposition besides others that we will be making from time to time as we proceed in this journey.
“All CBN intervention facilities are hereby granted a further moratorium of one year on principal repayments, effective March 1, 2020.
“This means that any intervention loan currently under moratorium are hereby granted another moratorium on one year. Accordingly, participating financial institutions are hereby directed to provide new amortization schedules for all facilities for their beneficiaries.
“Interest rates on all applicable CBN intervention facilities are hereby reduced from 9 per cent to 5 per cent per annum for one year, effective March 1, 2020.
Creation of a targeted Intervention facility
“The CBN hereby establishes a facility through NIRSAL Micro Finance Bank to the sum of N50 billion for households and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises that have been particularly hit by COVID-19, including but not limited to hoteliers, airlines providers, healthcare merchants and others.
Credit Support for Healthcare Industry
“To meet the potential increase in demand for health care services and products, CBN hereby opens for intervention facilities loans to pharmaceutical companies, intending to expand of intending to establish their own drugs manufacturing plants in Nigeria, as well as, to hospitals or healthcare practitioners who intend to expand or build healthcare facilities to first-class standards.
“This is in addition to growing the size of our interventions in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors in Nigeria.
“The CBN hereby grants all DMBs leave to consider temporary and time-limited restructuring of tenure and loan terms for businesses and households most affected by this outbreak of COVID-19, particularly the Oil & Gas, agric, manufacturing. The CBN will work closely with our DMBs to ensure that the use of this forbearance, is targeted, transparent and temporary while maintaining individual DMBs’ strength and overall financial stability of the system.
“What are we saying here? You took a loan from a bank and because there is a drop in your revenue, arising from the consequences of the COVID -19 pandemic, we are saying that the banks have been granted a dispensation where they should be able to restructure your loans for a longer tenure so that what you will re-paying to the banks as principal + interest is reduced substantially because of the fact that your loan would have been restructured for a longer tenure and possibly at a lower interest rate so that your business can remain alive.”