By Udeme Akpan & Ediri Ejoh
LAGOS—Natural Resource Governance Institute, NRGI, has described Nigeria’s $2.4 billion Excess Crude Account as one of the most poorly governed sovereign wealth funds in the world.
In its report released, yesterday, NRGI indicated that the account was ranked alongside the Qatar Investment Authority as the worst in terms of oversight and transparency.
According to the report, “the Qatar Investment Authority, with USD 330 billion in assets, and Nigeria’s Excess Crude Account were found to be the worst-governed funds.
“At least, $1.5 trillion is currently managed by the 11 sovereign wealth funds NRGI researchers rated as failing.
“The majority of governments inadequately govern their oil, gas and mining sectors, according to the 2017 Resource Governance Index. Sixty-six countries were found to be weak, poor or failing in their governance of extractive industries. Less than 20 percent of the 81 countries assessed achieved good or satisfactory overall ratings.
“The cross-country study of extractive governance, released today (yesterday) by the Natural Resource Governance Institute, NRGI, is the most comprehensive of its kind to date. It is based on new research into how countries’ governance affects their potential to realize value and manage revenues from their resources.”
It also incorporates existing assessments of countries’ “enabling environments”—a measure of how well citizens can access and use information, freely work together to voice their concerns and hold their governments to account, and of the quality of institutions in the areas of administration, rule of law and corruption control.
“Index data show that Norway exhibits the best governance of natural resources, followed closely by Chile, the United Kingdom and Canada in the top-most “good” performance category. Eritrea exhibits the worst resource governance and receives a failing grade in the index, with Turkmenistan, Libya, Sudan and Equatorial Guinea among others also rated failing. Some middle-income countries—such as Colombia, Indonesia, Ghana, Mongolia, Peru, Mexico and Botswana—achieve good or satisfactory overall ratings. Burkina Faso places highest among the low-income countries studied; its mining sector ranks 20th overall.
‘’The gap between law and practice is larger in countries where corruption is systemic, the index found. This gap occurs in many policy areas of extractive industries—including environmental and social impacts, and the sharing of resource revenues by national governments with local authorities—and is particularly problematic for communities living near extraction sites.
‘’The index also assesses the governance and transparency of sovereign wealth funds in 33 countries. Colombia’s Savings and Stabilization Fund is the best-governed of the assessed funds, followed by the Ghana Stabilization Fund.”
“Good governance of extractive industries is a fundamental step out of poverty for the 1.8 billion poor citizens living in the 81 countries we assessed in the Resource Governance Index,” said Daniel Kaufmann, NRGI president and CEO.
However, the NRGI calls upon governments to support key transparency measures (including compliance with open data standards) and for them to adopt and implement laws requiring the disclosure of the identities of the true beneficiaries of oil and mining companies.
NRGI also calls for a reversal of the trend toward closing civic space in many resource-rich countries.
“Where freedoms of citizens and journalists are under attack, governance of the extractives sector is fundamentally impaired,” said Kaufmann.
“Access to information on contracts, revenues, state companies and sovereign wealth funds is only valuable when citizens can hold authorities and companies to account.”
Spokesman of the Ministry of Finance, Saliss Inna said in a telephone interview that it was the duty of the Ministry of Information to comment on such issues.
‘’Your Bureau chief in Abuja should come to discuss with me. I cannot discuss more because I don’t see you.
‘’You can also contact the Ministry of Information. It is the ministry that should comment on such issues.”