By Vera Samuel Anyagafu

Intending Nigeria applicants seeking to obtain Brazil employment visa, are expected to meet up with the embassy’s stipulated requirements which include suitable educational qualifications and work experience. Other criteria for approval of same visa include a secured employment contract in Brazil, proof of adequate means of sustenance in Brazil, police confirmation to indicate that you have no criminal record, and a satisfactory medical examination document.

Processing period: The expected length of time for the processing of employment visa is normally put around two to three months and is always issued for a specific job. The consulate notes  that as a rule, the visa is not transferable between employers in Brazil without permission, thus warns that any defaulter will be punished accordingly.

Family unification categories
Categories of application for a permanent visa: The embassy of Brazil has seven categories of application for applicants for  a permanent visa, for the purpose of either living or working in the Country, and these include also marriage and family unification categories, as well as categories covering business executives and entrepreneurs, high level specialists, investors and retired people.

Permanent visa for business and professional individuals: Permanent visas can also be issued to administrators, managers and directors of professional or business corporations, who are already employed by the company and are moving to Brazil on intra-company transfer. There is a minimum requirement for the parent company to invest at least US$ 200,000 per visa in the Brazil-based subsidiary, and to provide evidence that they are bringing value to Brazil in the form of increased productivity, technology transfer and or social benefits.

Hitherto, visas are also issued to administrators, managers or directors of start-up companies, but in this case, they are not required to meet the minimum investment or job creation criteria which apply to established companies. Researchers or other high-level specialists employed by Brazilian research institutions may also be granted a permanent visa.

Visas for investors: Resident investor status may be granted to you as a foreign national, intending to invest a minimum of US$ 50,000 in a Brazilian business or productive activity. This type of visa is  usually issued for an initial five years. It is  renewable on approval of a satisfactory investment plan and on confirmation that the investor has been able to create jobs for at least ten or more Brazilian nationals. Herein, a resident investor can apply for Brazilian citizenship after four  years; prior to this, he or she has many of the rights of citizens of Brazil, except for voting rights.

Permanent residence for retired individuals: Foreign nationals aged over 50 can apply for a permanent visa if they will be transferring the equivalent of at least US$ 2,000 to Brazil every month. Visas are also issued to at least two dependants, but there is a requirement to transfer an additional US$1,000 per dependant per month. Documentary proof of income and a bank declaration authorizing the monthly transfer are required. Applicants for permanent residence visas are required to submit their passport, birth certificate, marriage certificate (if applicable) and a police certificate of no criminal record, issued within the last 90 days.

Registration upon arrival: Holders of visas exceeding more than 90 days duration are mandated upon arrival in Brazil, to register with the Federal Police, in order to obtain an identity card. In the case of those who intend to work in Brazil, a work card must be acquired from the Labour Department, as well as a tax identification card, obtainable from the Ministry of Finance.

Citizenship requirements: A foreign national can apply for Brazilian nationality by naturalization, only when it is certified that such an individual has lived in Brazil for a continuous period of at least four years, with no criminal record, and can read and write Portuguese, among other stipulated requirements. The residency period can be reduced to only one, two or three years in some cases, and there are fewer requirements for those who have been living in Brazil for at least fifteen years upwards.

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