Landmarks since amalgamation

on   /   in Politics 1:57 pm   /   Comments

BY CHARLES KUMOLU

1914: Nigeria is created through the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates.

1918: The Adubi War  is fought in Egba  Land, the first major revolt against Lord Lugard’s government.

Artists representing Nigeria perform during the opening ceremony of the FIFA Confederations Cup Brazil 2013, held before the Group A football match between Brazil and Japan, at the National Stadium in Brasilia on June 15, 2013.  AFP PHOTO / 1923: Herbert Macaulay establishes the Nigerian National Democratic Party, NNDP the first political party in the country.

1929: Aba women riots against introduction of tax by the colonial government.

1946: Nigeria entered a period of decolonization and growing Nigerian nationalism with the introduction of regional governments giving Nigerians more opportunities in government.

1950: A conference of northern and southern delegates was held in Ibadan  preceding the London Constitutional conference.

1953: The London Constitutional Conference.

1957: Nigeria held a Constitutional conference in Lagos where the North claimed it was not ready for independence resulting in the booing of Northern delegates by Nigerians in the gallery.

1957: Self government introduced in the West and East regions.

1959: Self government introduced in the Northern Region.

1959: Nigeria holds its first national election to set up an independent government. Northern  politicians won amajority of seats in the Parliament.

October 1960: Nigeria Gains independence from Britain

October 1963: Nigeria becomes a Republic and cuts judicial ties with the Privy Council in Britain.

1962-1963 – Controversial census fuels regional and ethnic tensions.

January 1966: First military coup led by Maj. Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogu

July 1966: Counter coup by Lt-Col Yakubu Gowon.

May 1967: Nigerian Civil War starts.

May 1967: Gowon divides Four Regions into 12 states.

Jan. 1970: Nigerian Civil War ends.

1972: Nigeria changes currency from Pound to Naira, introduces metric system.

1973: Nigeria switches from left- to right-hand driving.

1973: Nigeria hosts All-Africa Games

1973: Nigeria inaugurates National Youth Service Corps

1974: Gowon says democracy is no longer feasible in 1976

1975: Birth of Economic Community of West African States.

July 1975: Brig. Murtala Mohammed leads a coup that topples Gowon

1976: Murtala increases states to 19

Feb. 1976: Murtala killed in failed military coup, Olusegun Obasanjo takes over.

1977: Nigeria hosts second Black and African Festival of arts and culture.
Oct. 1979: Obasanjo hands over power to Shehu Shagari, Second Republic begins.

1980: Nigeria hosts and wins African Nations Cup for first time

Dec. 1983: Gen. Muhammadu Buhari topples Shagari in military coup

August 1985: Gen. Ibrahim Babangida ousts Buhari in military putsch.

1985: Nigeria wins first-ever global soccer title (U-16 FIFA/KODAK CUP).

1987: Failed military coup led by Maj.-Gen. Mamman Vatsa

1987: Babangida creates two new states, Akwa Ibom and Katsina.

1990: Failed military coup led by Maj. Gideon Orkar

1990: Nigeria spearheads formation of ECOMOG

1991: Babangida creates nine more states, bringing total number of states to 30

June 1993: After a landmark presidential election believed to have been won by Moshood Abiola, Babangida annuls the election and proposes an interim national government headed by Chief Ernest Shonekan.

August 1993: Ernest Shonekan assumes office as head of interim government.

November 1993: Gen. Sani Abacha seizes power from Shonekan.
1995: Commonwealth Slaps Sanctions on Nigeria after killing of environmental activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa.
1995:  Government announces aborted ‘Coup’ against Abacha, Obasanjo and former deputy, Shehu Musa Yar`Adua incarcerated.

1996:  Abacha increases states to 36.

1996: Nigeria wins first Olympic gold medals in long jump and soccer

1997:  Another ‘coup’ against Abacha foiled

8 June 1998: Abacha dies suddenly, Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar assumes office

29 May 1999: Abdulsalami cedes power to Obasanjo at the commencement of the Fourth Republic.

1999:  Nigeria hosts World Youth Soccer Championship.

2000:  Nigeria Co-hosts African Nations Cup with Ghana.

2000 – Adoption of Islamic, or Sharia, law by several northern states in the face of opposition from Christians

breeds tension across Northern Nigeria leading to riots across Northern Nigeria.

2002: Religious riots erupt over the Miss World.

2002: The International Court of Justice (ICJ)  ruled against Nigeria in favor of Cameroon  over the disputed oil-rich Bakassi  peninsula.

Feb 2002 – Some 100 people are killed in Lagos in clashes between Hausas from mainly-Islamic north and ethnic Yorubas from predominantly-Christian southwest.

2002 November – More than 200 people die in four days of rioting stoked by Muslim fury over the planned Miss World beauty pageant in Kaduna in December. The event is relocated to Britain.

April 2003 – First legislative elections since end of military rule in 1999. Polling marked by delays, allegations of ballot-rigging. President Obasanjo’s People’s Democratic Party wins parliamentary majority.

2003: Obasanjo  wins re-election as President .

2003 July – Nationwide general strike called off after nine days after government agrees to lower recently-increased fuel prices.

2003 August – Warri riots at least 100 persons killed, 1,000 injured.

2003 September – Nigeria’s first satellite, NigeriaSat-1, launched by Russian rocket.

2004 January – UN brokers talks between Nigeria and Cameroon about disputed border. Both sides agree to jointsecurity patrols.

2004: Obasanjo  declared a state of emergency in response to the eruption of ethno religious violence in Plateau State .

2004 August-September – Deadly clashes between gangs in oil city of Port Harcourt prompts strong crackdown by troops. Rights group Amnesty International cites death toll of 500, authorities say about 20 died.

2005 July – Paris Club of rich lenders agrees to write off two-thirds of Nigeria’s $30bn foreign debt.

January 2006 – Militants in the Niger Delta launch attacks against pipelines and commence kidnapping of foreign oil workers. Militants demand more control over the region’s oil wealth.

February 2006 – More than 100 persons are killed when religious violence flares in mainly-Muslim towns in the north and reprisal attacks in Onitsha.

2006 April – Helped by record oil prices, Nigeria becomes the first African nation to pay off its debt to the Paris Club of rich lenders.

2006 May – The Senate rejects proposed changes to the constitution which would have allowed President Obasanjo to stand for a third term in 2007.

2006 October – Spiritual leader of Nigeria’s millions of Muslims, the Sultan of Sokoto, is killed in a plane crash, the country’s third major civilian air disaster in a year.
April 2007: Umaru Yar’Adua , Governor of Katsina State  elected President.

2008 August – Following agreement reached in March, Nigeria finally hands over the Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon, ending a long-standing dispute.

2008 November – At least 200 people are killed during clashes between Christians and Muslims in the central Nigerian town of Jos.

2009 January – The main militant group in Niger Delta, Mend, calls off four-month cease-fire after army attacks camp of an allied group.

2009 May – Niger Delta militant group Mend rejects government offer of amnesty and declares offensive against Nigerian military.

2009 July – Hundreds die in northeastern Nigeria after the Boko Haram Islamist movement launches a campaign of violence in a bid to have Sharia law imposed on the entire country. Security forces storm Boko Haram’s stronghold and kill the movement’s leader.

2009 August – Two-month offer of a government amnesty for Niger Delta militants comes into force.

2009 November – President Yar’Adua travels to Saudi Arabia for medical treatment. His extended absence triggers a constitutional crisis and leads to calls for him to step down.

Feb. 2010: Senate proclaims Doctrine of Necessity allowing Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan to step in as Acting President without a formal letter from President Yar‘Adua.

Feb. 2010: Ailing President Yar‘Adua was returned secretly into the country by his handlers but only few persons are allowed to see him.

April 2010: Acting President Jonathan dissolves Yar‘Adua’s cabinet and constitutes a new cabinet.

May 2010: Yar‘Adua dies in Aso Rock, Jonathan sworn in as President.

Sept 2010:  Jonathan says he will seek election as president.

Jan 2011 Jonathan chosen as presidential flag bearer of the ruling PDP.

April 2011: Jonathan wins presidential election. Victory triggers violence in some parts of the north.

August 2011: The United Nations offices in Abuja bombed by Boko Haram terrorist group.

Nov 2011: Biafran leader Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu dies after a protracted illness in London at 78.

Dec 2011: Boko Haram group bombs a Catholic Church in Madala on Christmas Day

January 2012 – Fuel price hike stirs nationwide lockdown for more than one week forcing a government climb down.

January 2012: Boko Haram attack on Kano leads to more than 100 deaths including uprising Channels broadcast journalist, Eneche Akogwu.

March 2012 Ojukwu accorded State burial.

March 2013 Father of African literature, Prof Chinua Achebe dies at 82.

Oct 2013: President Jonathan announces plans to hold a national conference.

 

    Print       Email