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Scientific discovery and its enemies(2)

Meanwhile, no philosopher of science or epistemologist has done more than Karl Popper to provide an epistemological rationale for the falsification of theories in science. Popper argued that although the quest for truth is the cardinal aim of science, no scientific hypothesis or theory can be conclusively proved to be true because none is completely immune from falsification.

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Reality versus ‘alternative facts’ (2)

It is very unfortunate that President Buhari’s health condition has provided another strong arsenal for his critics who argue that the APC federal government thrives on deceit, lies and asinine propaganda. Sometime ago, top officials of government told Nigerians that Mr. President was “hale and hearty,” and since then, to support their claim photographs of Buhari with Alhaji Bola Tinubu and Chief Bisi Akande on one hand, and with leaders of the National Assembly, on the other, were emblazoned on the pages of newspapers.

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I, you, we: A philosophical analysis of the human condition (2)

In a nutshell, their existentialist interpretation of the human condition led to the depressing conclusion that life is meaningless and absurd. Even so, although Camus and Sartre recommended heroic defiance in the face of existential absurdity, the strong nihilistic flavor of their writings is not suitable in our contemporary world which urgently requires that go beyond existential nihilism and construct meaning for our lives, both as individuals and as members of the global community, to promote knowledge, love, kindness, solidarity and brotherly feeling among the more than seven billion inhabitants of this planet within the context of environmental sustainability.

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Donald Trump and the “cunning of reason”(2)

Secondly, we have human passion. Hegel correctly observes that human desires, passions and personal aims, people’s drive to satisfy their selfish interests – which means the entire infrastructure of our subjective wills – are the most effective springs of human actions. In apparent agreement with David Hume, the Scottish philosopher who claimed that reason is the slave of the passions and can pretend to no other office, Hegel affirms that passion, not rationality, motivates human beings, that “nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion.” It follows that human beings are propelled to action by their own inner subjective wills to satisfy their natural instincts, inclinations, interests and needs.

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Donald Trump and the “cunning of reason”

Virtually all the commentaries in the Nigerian media concerning the largely surprising outcome of the November 8 presidential election in the United States of America suffer from one fundamental defect: they were not situated within a philosophical theory or paradigm which alone can give intellectual depth and meaning to such an important event pregnant with possibilities of global ramifications.

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