By Haroon Razaq
There are a lot of virtuous ibadats (acts of worship) in the month of Dhul-Hijjah (the 12th and last month of Islamic calendar), below are some of the ibadat and their rulings.
(1) Hajj: it is the Muslim pilgrimage to the holy land of Makkah during the month of Hajj with specific conditions. Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam that is compulsory only on any Muslim that is able to meet its conditions at least once in a life time.
(2) It is forbidden for a Muslim who wants to offer udhiyah (sacrifice) to remove or cut his/her hair or nails from the first of Dhul-Hijjah till he/she offer his sacrifice on the day of ‘id. According to the Hadith recorded by Imam Muslim in his book sahih Muslim 13/146.
(3) Also forbidden in the month of Dhul-Hijjah is all forms of sins, although, this is not restricted to the month only, but, sin in this month carries more weight due to the nature of the month.
(4) Making Zikr (remembrance) of Allah loudly in theg mosque, the home, the street and every place that is permitted to remember Allah. The prophet (SAW) is reported to have said …saytahlil (lailaha illa llahu), takbir (Allahu akbar) and tahmid (Alhamdu li llah) a lot (on the first ten days of this month). Sheikh Salih Munajid said: “that each one should recite it individually, not in unison, as there is no basis in Shari’ah for doing this”.
(5) It is desirable to fast on the day of Arafah(with exception of Hujjaj). The prophet (SAW) said “fasting the day of Arafah expiates the sins of two years” (Muslim).
(6) Udhiyah is sacrificial animals (i.e. camel, cattle, sheep or goat) that are slaughtered on the day of ‘idul adha (the 10th of Dhul Hijjah) as an act of worship, intending to draw closer to Allah thereby. The majority of scholars is of the view that udhiyah is Sunnatul mu‘akkadah. Others were of the view that it is obligatory. Therefore, it is Makruh (dislike) for one who is able to offer a sacrifice to neglect it. Its condition includes, must be one of these animals: camels, cattle, sheep and goats, (see Q 22:34) must have reached the age stipulated in shari’ah, must be free of any obvious defect.
(7) ‘Iidul-adha: is the Muslim festival of sacrifice that is celebrated on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah. According to the majority of scholars, it is obligatory Sunnah. A Muslim is expected to do the following on the day: (i) to brush the teeth; (ii) to perform ghusl (bath) of ‘Iid; (iii) to apply perfume (men only); (iv) to wear the best of our cloth; (v) to go out for ‘Iid with all the members of our family; male, female, old and young; (vi) to delayed eating of food until one returns from the ‘Iid salah and then eat of the sacrifice; (vii) to go to ‘Iid through one route and return through another route. (viii) to pronounce the remembrance of Allah frequently (Q 2: 203) (ix) to be full of thanks to Allah and rejoice within the boundaries of Shariah.