March 7, 2024

African health ministers commit to end malaria deaths

African health ministers commit to end malaria deaths

Ministers of Health from African countries with the highest burden of malaria committed today to accelerated action to end deaths from the disease.

This is contained in a statement issued by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Wednesday.

The ministers, gathering in Yaoundé, Cameroon, signed a declaration committing to provide stronger leadership and increased domestic funding for malaria control programmes.

They also pledged to ensure further investment in data technology, apply the latest technical guidance in malaria control and elimination, and enhance malaria control efforts at the national and sub-national levels.

The ministers also pledged to sustainably and equitably address the threat of malaria in the African region, which accounts for 95 per cent of malaria deaths globally.

In the declaration, the ministers further pledged to increase health sector investments to bolster infrastructure, personnel, and programme implementation; to enhance multi-sectoral collaboration; and to build partnerships for funding, research, and innovation.

In signing the declaration, they expressed their “unwavering commitment to the accelerated reduction of malaria mortality” and to hold each other and our countries accountable for the commitments outlined in this declaration.

The Yaoundé conference, co-hosted by WHO and the Government of Cameroon, gathered ministers of health, global malaria partners, funding agencies, scientists, civil society organisations, and other principal malaria stakeholders.

It said that the ministerial conference had four key aims: to review progress and challenges in achieving the targets of the WHO global malaria strategy and discuss mitigation strategies and funding for malaria.

Others are to agree on effective strategies and responses for accelerated malaria mortality reduction in Africa and establish a roadmap for increased political commitment and societal engagement in malaria control with a clear accountability mechanism.

Mr Manaouda Malachie, Minister for Health of Cameroon, said that the declaration reflects their shared commitment as nations and partners to protect their people from the devastating consequences of malaria.

“We will work together to ensure that this commitment is translated into action and impact,” Malachie said.

He said that the African region was home to 11 countries that carry approximately 70 per cent of the global burden of malaria.

According to him, the counties are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, and Tanzania.

He said that progress against malaria has stalled in these high-burden African countries since 2017 due to factors including humanitarian crises, low access to, and insufficient quality of health services.

Malachie said that other factors are climate change, gender-related barriers, biological threats such as insecticide and drug resistance, and global economic crises.

”Fragile health systems and critical gaps in data and surveillance have compounded the challenge,” he said.

According to him, funding for malaria control globally is also inadequate. In 2022, 4.1 billion dollars just over half of the needed budget—were available for malaria response.

“Globally, the number of cases in 2022 was significantly higher than before the COVID-19 pandemic, rising to 249 million from 233 million in 2019.

”In the same period, the African region saw an increase in cases from 218 million to 233 million,” he said.

Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said that the region continued to shoulder the heaviest malaria burden, representing 94 per cent of global malaria cases and 95 per cent of global deaths, or an estimated 580,000 deaths in 2022.

“Globally, the world has made significant progress against malaria in recent decades, and yet, since 2017, that progress has stalled.

“The COVID-19 pandemic and long-standing threats like drug and insecticide resistance pushed us further off-track, with critical gaps in funding and access to tools to prevent, diagnose, and treat malaria.

“With political leadership, country ownership, and the commitment of a broad coalition of partners, we can change this story for families and communities across Africa,” Ghebreyesus said.

According to him, to help accelerate efforts to reduce the malaria burden, WHO and the RBM Partnership to End Malaria launched the “high burden, high impact” approach in 2018, a targeted effort to accelerate progress in countries hardest hit by malaria.

The WHO boss said that the declaration signed at today’s conference was aligned with the “high burden, high impact” approach, which was founded on four pillars.

He said that the pillars are political will to reduce malaria deaths; strategic information to drive impact; better guidance, policies, and strategies; and a coordinated national malaria response.

Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, said that malaria continued to cause preventable deaths in children and great devastation to families across our region.

“We welcome today’s ministerial declaration, which demonstrates a strong political will to reduce the burden of this deadly disease.

“With renewed urgency and commitment, we can accelerate progress towards a future free of malaria,” Moeti said.

According to her, to put malaria progress back on track, WHO recommends a robust commitment to malaria responses at all levels, particularly in high-burden countries; greater domestic and international funding; science and data-driven malaria responses.

Moeti called for urgent action on the health impacts of climate change, harnessing research and innovation, as well as strong partnerships for coordinated responses.

According to her, WHO is also calling attention to the need to address delays in malaria programme implementation.

NAN reports that the WHO says the African region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.

In 2022, the WHO said the region was home to 94 per cent of malaria cases (233 million) and 95 per cent (580,000) of malaria deaths.

The World Health body said children under five accounted for about 80 per cent of all malaria deaths in the region. (NAN)