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Inflation declines to 11.02% in August

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By Emmanuel Elebeke


The consumer price index, (CPI) which measures inflation moved to downward trend  by 11.02 percent (year-on-year) in August 2019.

The decline is 0.06 percent points lower than the rate recorded in July 2019 (11.08) percent.

The National Bureau of Statistics, which disclosed this in its monthly data report said the disinflation continued in August 2019 despite several pronouncements regarding restrictions on the import of some food items, minimum wage and the recent border closures.


The bureau  noted that the inflation rate is also the average prices for the whole month and not only the price of goods and services in the last few days of the month, adding that the harvest season and existing weak consumer demand and their natural effect to slow down food and other prices will also play a major role in determining the direction of inflation.

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‘‘It is important to note that with respect to the latter, the border was only closed 20 August 2019 with only 11 days of 31 days for any significant impact to be felt either way on prices. Against this backdrop, in August 2019, all major indices slowed except urban inflation year on year.’’

On month-on-month basis, I noted that the Headline index increased by 0.99 percent in August 2019.

This is 0.02 percent rate lower than the rate recorded in July 2019 (1.01) percent.

‘‘The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending August 2019 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 11.271 percent, showing 0.02 percent point from 11.291 percent recorded in July 2019.

‘‘The urban inflation rate increased by 11.48 percent (year-on-year) in August 2019 from 11.43 percent recorded in July 2019, while the rural inflation rate increased by 10.61 percent in August 2019 from 10.64 percent in July 2019. On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.04 percent in August 2019, down by 0.03 from 1.07 percent recorded in July 2019, while the rural index also rose by 0.93 percent in August 2019, down by 0.03 from the rate recorded in July 2019 (0.96) percent.

‘‘The corresponding twelve-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index is 11.62 percent in August 2019.

‘‘This is less than 11.64 percent reported in July 2019, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in August 2019 is 10.95 percent compared to 10.97 percent recorded in July 2019,’’ said NBS.


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