Islam is so wonderful that it establishes and fixes Zakaat-l-Fitr at the end of Ramadan. The act of ibadaah will serve two main purposes. One, to purify our fast from our shortcomings during the month.
As human beings, we are prone to errors even when we were reminded of the implications of some of our actions we still fall into it inadvertently. It is also to make everybody, all classes of people happy at the end of the Holy month so that the celebration of Eid will be absolute.
Therefore, it is obligatory on every responsible Muslim, man or woman to pay Zakaat-l-Fitr once you have more than what you and your family can take for Eid-l-Fitr, because everybody needs food for the celebration.
Ibn `Umar reported that the Prophet (s.a.w), made Zakaat al-Fitr compulsory on every slave, freeman, male, female, young and old among the Muslims; one Saa` [Bukhari]. A “saa” is four complete scoops with the two hands of a man of average built. It is a measure of volume, not weight given to needy Muslims
The Prophet also commanded that Zakaat-l-Fitr be given before the Eid prayer so that people can eat or at least be sure of enjoyable celebration. As a result, it is a sin for any Muslim to neglect the payment of Zakaat-l-Fitr.
It is permissible to pay it one or two days before, Ibn ‘Umar (r.a): “They used to give it one or two days before (Eid) al-Fitr.” Bukhaari.
Zakaat-l-Fitr should be paid on all members of the household. If you have 10 people in your house, it must be paid 10 times, even if the youngest member is just a day old, or another person joined the family 24 hours before Eid.These are given only to needy Muslims or Imams in your community for onward distribution to needy Muslims.
If Zakaat-l-Fitr is paid in money although it is not encouraged, those who coordinate the distribution should ensure that they give it out to the needy before the due time. May Allah accept it as act of Ibadaah. Amin.
Lagos —Sahur: 4:30- 5:10 Iftar: 7:03
Abuja —Sahur: 4:00- 4:45 Iftar: 6:58
P/Harcourt —Sahur: 4:15- 5:05 Iftar: 6:48
Asaba—Sahur: 4:15- 5:05 Iftar: 6:55
Maiduguri—Sahur: 3:30- 4:17 Iftar: 6:30
Kano—Sahur: 3:40- 4:35 Iftar: 6:50