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Rights of a landlord in property eviction

It is generally believed that landlords are troublesome people who lord their properties over tenants and try to make life uncomfortable for them but this is not always true. Just as tenants have been at the mercy of landlords, landlords have also been treated with contempt and maligned by tenants.

Frustrated with tenants who refuse to pay rent, damage their properties and cause conflicts amongst other tenants, landlords are often faced with the option of ejecting such a tenant. There are however rules by law that must be followed and a landlord needs to know these rules so as not to be in err of the law.

By law, it is wrong for a landlord to forcibly eject a tenant no matter how much rent he or she owes or how cantankerous such a tenant is. The recovery of property by law in most states in Nigeria and anywhere in the world really unfortunately for landlords is in the favour of the tenant. This is done by the different law making bodies of the states to curb the excesses of landlords and ensure that tenants are not entirely at their mercy to be treated anyhow. A landlord who therefore wishes to eject his tenant for whatever reason must use the method prescribed by law.

The law states that a landlord must give his tenant reasonable time to vacate the property by serving him a quit notice and this is dependent on the tenancy period. For a yearly, tenant, the law provides that he must be given a six months quit notice, a quarterly tenant, a quarter’s notice, monthly tenant, a month’s notice and a weekly tenant, a week’s notice. The quit notice must be written and served on the tenant. These provisions are however subject to the tenancy agreement between the tenant and the landlord.



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