President Hosni Mubarak returned to EgyptÂ Â yesterday, landing in Sharm El Sheikh where he will reassume presidential powers while recovering from gallbladder surgery in Germany, state television showed.
Live coverage showed the 81-year-old Mubarak descend from the door of the plane on an escalator and take measured steps as he shook hands with the government officials and military officers there to greet him after three weeks away, his longest absence over nearly three-decades in power.
â€œPresident Hosni Mubarak has arrived at Sharm El Sheikh international airport after a successful medical trip,â€ a state television anchor said.
Mubarak, who handed over presidential powers just before his operation to Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif, will reassume them upon arriving in Egypt, a government official said.
Mubarakâ€™s absence unsettled local financial markets and fueled political uncertainty as Egyptians were reminded that the president, who has been in power since 1981, has not named a successor.
Egyptâ€™s stock market fell sharply in the days after the presidentâ€™s March 6 operation to remove benign tissue, before steadying when images of him sitting and chatting with doctors were broadcast.
â€œEgypt is witnessing a period of instability and the presidentâ€™s absence, especially for health reasons and surgery, has heightened peopleâ€™s worries,â€ Abdel Aziz Husseini, spokesman for the protest movement Kefaya, told Reuters.
Mubarak has not said whether he plans to run for a sixth six-year term in a presidential election due in 2011. His 46-year-old son Gamal has been widely touted as a successor, but father and son have both denied there are any such plans.
â€œThe question is what will happen now that Mubarak has returned. Will he finally assign a vice president following an absence for health reasons?â€ said self-exiled political analyst Saad Eddin Ibrahim, who urged the president â€œto give Egyptians some measure of certainty.â€
Other possible presidential candidates include former U.N. nuclear watchdog chief Mohamed ElBaradei, who in his first public appearance since returning to Egypt last month was met by supporters chanting â€œYou are our hopeâ€ at Friday prayers.