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IDPs camp and emergency management in Lagos

By Tayo Ogunbiyi

THOUGH the tragic building collapse at Ita Faji, Lagos Island,  no longer features in news reports, its fallouts have continued to resonate. In the aftermath of the sad event and in line with international best practices, the Lagos State government swiftly embarked on a systematic process of demolishing defective buildings across Lagos Island. This is basically as a precautionary measure to forestall future occurrence of such gruesome episode. Naturally, in the process, some people were displaced and there was an urgent need to resettle them.

It is, therefore, out of the quest to relocate them that the Lagos State Emergency Management Agency, LASEMA, Resettlement Centre, Igando, in Alimosho Local Government Area, became a sure option. The camp has facilities to provide relief for affected victims, including those living with disabilities. It has five hostels with 22 rooms each, four double bunk beds and is capable of accommodating eight persons per room. The centre also has a kitchen facility, a dining hall, a general hall to be used for recreational activities, a three-ward medical facility, a set of 10 toilets and bathrooms for each hostel, sets of three bedroom flats for members of staff, facilities for persons living with disabilities, security post, power-generating set, among others.

Presently, the camp has come to life with over 300 displaced persons, including children, teenagers and adults. At first, reports had it that many of them were quite apprehensive of moving to the camp because they were not too convinced of its suitability. But upon getting to the camp, the earlier callers had to send words to others about the comfort of the camp as well as other mouth watering welfare package on ground.

At the camp, the displaced persons are fed three square meals daily. Also, they have recreational facilities that keep them busy and excited while a medical team is on ground to ascertain the health status of the people and equally offer relevant medical assistance as might be needed. The Igando General Hospital is handling referrals from the camp. Similarly, government provided three buses to convey children to and from their schools while their parents were equally ferried daily to their respective offices. This has really helped in terms of reducing their emotional and physical stress. The whole essence is to ensure that the effect of loss on the victims is mitigated to the barest minimum. Meanwhile, the camp is to be opened for three months, after which government would review the need for an extension.

Historically, emergency management and preparedness has been a reactive science. In recent history, disaster awareness through the 24/7-news cycle has intensified the concept of emergency management integration into our daily lives. Through continued awareness and dedicated mitigation advancements, the effects of future disasters can be limited.

In Lagos State, emergency management is a significant part of government’s overall strategy for achieving a smart city. The state has today invested heavily on emergency and disaster preparedness and response because its growing population is highly vulnerable to emergency situations like inferno, building collapse, road accident, floods, suicide and others.

The consequences of disasters could be in terms of loss of lives and property and in the long term can include serious setbacks to the state development plans. Hence, plans are needed, not only for responding to the impacts of disaster, but also to maintain business continuity while managing the crisis, and to guide recovery and reconstruction effectively. To a large extent, a solid, well-planned emergency response system that routinely includes the educated participation of the community is the most important preparation for a disaster.

The Lagos State Emergency Management Agency, LASEMA, was established vide LASEMA Law 16 of 2008 for emergency and disaster management in the State in pursuance to Decree 12 of 1999 as amended by Act No. 50 of 1999 which established the National Emergency Management Agency, NEMA. The Agency is statutorily empowered to respond to fire fighting (co-ordinate with fire services), flood control, collapsed building, evacuation, search and rescue operations, environmental pollution, crowd control/cordon off of affected areas, public enlightenment on safety issues, perform general life saving activities, including provision of relief materials, and to clear and remove objects that constitute the carcass or remains of incidents.

Today, due to continuous funding and proper management, the Agency has grown in leaps and bound. Unarguably, Lagos has been exceptional in term of investment and achievements in emergency responses and this claim are evidence-based. LASEMA is now optimally responding to the challenges of disaster management with improved emergency preparedness and responses. When people get trapped in vehicles during accidents and emergency responders are on ground at the emergency scene, the absence of equipment that would enable them to break into the affected vehicle to rescue the victims usually renders the whole rescue operation meaningless.

This explains why the state government has not just decentralised the operations of LASEMA, but each response unit has been equipped with a new ultra-modern equipment (trucks, power bikes, heavy-duty vehicles and fire trucks, mobile intensive care ambulances and light rescue equipment, and 14 new BMW power bikes for on-spot reconnaissance assessments of emergency incidents) and to boost the sea, air and land capacities of the state emergency responders.

In furtherance to the need to provide proper extrication equipment for timely rescue of trapped victims in any form of life-threatening emergencies, LASEMA in February, 2018, procured light rescue equipment, which included hydraulic rescue equipment with power unit attached with spreader, rescue ram, cutters combi tools and concrete cutters distributed to all the dispatch centres.

The agency has also extended its response to emergencies beyond Lagos. In most cases, accidents along the Lagos-Ibadan Expressway stretch into Lagos, thereby affecting residents who work in Lagos but live in border towns, including Magboro, Arepo, Kara, Ibafo, Mowe, among others. To further strengthen emergency management, about 70 adhoc staff of the agency was recently absorbed into the state civil service. Equally, a special allowance is paid to staff of the agency in order to get the best out of them.

Without a doubt, it is safe to affirm that Lagos State is poised to take emergency management to new heights. It must, however, be stressed that the citizenry need to embrace safety culture and practice in its entire ramification. This way, the rate of man-made emergency occurrences would be extremely reduced.

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