An estimated 11 million jobs have been lost in Nigeria under President Muhammadu Buhari’s leadership, leading to the World Poverty Clock, a website that monitors real-time progress against poverty globally, revealing that Nigeria has overtaken India as the world’s headquarters for “extreme poverty”.
Just four years ago, Nigeria was celebrating becoming the largest economy in Africa under the former President Goodluck Jonathan. But with a series of political crises following since President Buhari was elected in 2015, have sent the Nigerian economy nose diving.
This has had a damaging effect on investor confidence, indeed enthusiasm, to maintain a presence in Nigeria. British manufacturer PZ Cussons, the maker of Imperial Leather and Carex, whose largest and most diverse single market is Nigeria, recently reported that their annual profits will be lower than expected, with Nigeria becoming a “thorn in its side”. In March 2018, the company issued a profit warning, blaming its poor showing for the last financial year on Nigeria’s economic downturn.
According to Trading Economics, a worldwide reference site for economic data and financial markets and the World Bank Bi-annual Economic Update, the rate of unemployment in Nigeria increased steadily throughout 2017, whilst unemployment statistics for Quarter 1 in 2018 was announced to be hovering at 14.2%. To put this into perspective, Quarter 1 unemployment rates in the U.K reported at 4.1%, the U.S.A at 3.9% and China 3.95%; in comparison, Nigeria’s unemployment rate is staggeringly high.
The administration is attempting to challenge unemployment levels, with its key mechanism being the N-Power scheme, set up by the government in 2016. An unprecedented initiative to undertake mass recruitment of young graduates, reports this month suggest immense challenges with the first recruits, whose two year tenure ends this year, not being kept on so as to make way for the second batch of recruits, thus deploying the young people back into the Labour market.
Many pundits, such as Bismarck Rewane, who last month reiterated his warnings on the geometric rise of unemployment and underemployment in the case of the N-Power scheme, predicted that unemployment rates could rise to 21.5% by Quarter 4 this year. His warnings so far have been rebuked by Lai Mohammed, Minister of Information and culture, as being incorrect.
Further rebuked statements on incorrectness was also proffered at Bill Gates during his visit to Nigeria, from Kaduna State Governor El-Rufai, when Gates offered advice that the Nigerian administration’s economic blueprint does not meet the needs of Nigerians.
PZ Cussons Chairperson, Caroline Silver, commented recently that, “Macro-conditions in Nigeria have resulted in a sharp decline in Africa profits for the year and hence, a disappointing result for the group as a whole” And she has plenty of corroboration from other organisations operating in Nigeria. In July, consumer goods giant, Procter and Gamble (P&G), announced that it was closing a $300 million Nigerian plant that it had built for much the same reasons as Caroline Silver has given.
According to P&G, the economic policies of the current Nigerian administration made it impossible for it to continue to operate their plant in Agbara in a profitable manner. According to the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, 227 manufacturing firms have closed down in Nigeria from 2015 to 2016..
Earlier this year, British hospitality group, InterContinental Hotels Group Plc, the world’s third largest hotel chain, announced that it was withdrawing from Nigeria after five years of operating in Lagos. In 2017, Abu Dhabi-based telecommunications giant, Etisalat, left Nigeria due to the Central Bank’s tightening of capital controls leading to a shortage of dollars.
Investors continue to flee Nigeria and capital investment levels remain low, with little possibility of market growth with the elections due to hold in 2019.
Lai Mohammed, earlier this year, claimed that it is not the “responsibility of the government to create jobs alone, but that of well meaning individuals, Governmental Organisations and corporate bodies”, not at all referring to the Central Bank’s direction of restricting dollars in the market.
With a little over six months before Nigeria goes to the polls next year, If the mood of the country is anything to go by, President Buhari would do well to change tact to achieve his party’s manifesto promises. Chatham House recently published a report on the countdown to next year’s elections, referring to the countdown as being Buhari’s last ‘hurrah’, citing support for the President waning considerably based on opinion polls.
With less than engaged and interest lacking from international partners, namely the UK, EU and the USA, coupled with a multitude of defections of Senior Ministers from Buhari’s administration, rising unemployment, rising crime and international creditors unwilling to lend to an administration whose sole mantra is to fight corruption but seemingly not win, international experts are already analysing that a key factor in determining whether the President and his party will win a second term will depend on the President’s performance in his last six months plus engagement from said international partners in endorsing the administration in next year’s election.
His next steps remain to be seen. In the meantime, I hear he is off on holiday…
Managing Director of SASARE Group UK and Conservative Party Councillor