By Levinus Nwabughiogu
ABUJA—To ensure transparency and accountability in the operations of public accounts, Muhammadu Buhari has ordered the Ministries, Departments or Agencies, MDAs, under the Federal Government to run a Treasury Single Account, TSA, which will be domiciled at the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN.
Also affected by the directive were Foreign Missions,Teaching Hospitals, Medical Centres, Federal Tertiary Institutions. Agencies like the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, Security and Exchange Commission SEC, Corporate Affairs Commission CAC, Nigeria Ports Authority, NPA, Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC, Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, FAAN.
Others are NCAA, NIMASA, NDIC, NSC, NNPC, FIRS, NCS, MMSD, DPR. President Buhari’s directive is drawn from section 80 of the 1999 Constitution. The section 80 (1) reads:
All revenues or other moneys raised or received by the Federation (not being revenues or other moneys payable under this Constitution or any Act of the National Assembly into any other public fund of the Federation established for a specific purpose) shall be paid into and form one Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Federation.
(2) No moneys shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Federation except to meet expenditure that is charged upon the fund by this Constitution or where the issue of those moneys has been authorised by an Appropriation Act, Supplementary Appropriation Act or an Act passed in pursuance of section 81 of this Constitution.
(3) No moneys shall be withdrawn from any public fund of the Federation, other than the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Federation, unless the issue of those moneys has been authorised by an Act of the National Assembly. (4) No moneys shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Revenue Fund or any other public fund of the Federation, except in the manner prescribed by the National Assembly.
Meanwhile, a TSA is a central bank account system for all government transactions where all its receipts and payments are harmonized for accountability.