By Is’haq Modibbo Kawu
JUST as Samuel Johnson in April 1775, said that patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel, so has security, in the heated pre-election setting of Nigeria, become the ultimate red herring wielded to postpone a much-anticipated February 14, 2015 Presidential election, in particular. It was at the Chatham House in London, that Colonel Sambo Dasuki, the National Security Adviser (NSA), first let out of the bag, the idea of a postponement of elections, based on the incomplete distribution of Permanent Voters Cards (PVCs).
There was a huge wave of indignation rejecting the idea of a postponement across board, but it was to become clear that the maneuvering was central to the political survival of the PDP and the Jonathan administration. Not even repeated assurances from INEC, the election management body itself, would convince those who needed the postponement. An orchestrated campaign was launched, especially in the media, leaning on a select group of individuals.
Nigerians saw what was unfolding before them clearly; the opposition’s campaign, but especially the nationwide appeal of APC presidential candidate, General Muhammadu Buhari, had gathered a remarkable momentum. Everything had been hurled at the man, from the kitchen sink to the vilest forms of propaganda. On the other hand, the PDP seemed to have lost steam, if it ever gathered any.
It had promised an issues-based campaign, but it all narrowed down to demonizing the person of General Buhari. President Jonathan and his PDP strategists became Buhari’s most effective recruiting agents, because the more they hurled abuses and vile propaganda, the more popular their nemesis seemed to have become amongst voters, as results of several polls conducted even by President Jonathan’s supporters, were returning.
Presidency PDP panic mode: The presidency and the PDP entered a panic mode and the campaign for the postponement of the elections by six weeks was ratcheted up. It was the only lifeline! When the National Council of State gathered last week, its members read the national mood correctly; they refused to back the plan for elections postponement. INEC stood its ground, insisting that it was better prepared for the 2015 elections, than the 2011 polls, which circles around President Jonathan always proudly cite, as being free and fair. But there was the ultimate red herring, still to drop on the lap of an expectant nation, and what appeared from their perspective, a stubbornly independent INEC: security!
The nation’s security apparatus suddenly realized that these were the best moments to confront and crush Boko Haram. What our gallant forces could not achieve in five years was now to be accomplished in six weeks! And to underline the seriousness of the situation, the offensive was set to commence on February 14th, the date Nigerians should have been queuing up to elect our next president.
Effectively, as many leading lawyers and commentators have concluded, INEC was hamstrung and effectively, a ‘coup’ was carried out against the democratic process. After a whole day of consultations, INEC chairman, Professor Attahiru Jega, addressed an expectant country, to announce the postponement of the elections for six weeks, just as the leadership of the security forces had requested. Jega said that: “There are quite a number of issues in the conduct of elections, the most critical of which is security matter which is not under the control of INEC”. Of course, on Constitutional grounds, INEC was within its remit to postpone the elections, forced as it had been by circumstance. It was the political context of the postponement, which has triggered the worry of politicians and citizens alike.
It seemed clear that for President Jonathan’s corner of what is shaping up to be a titanic fight, there was an imperative to slow down the Buhari momentum. Earning the extra six weeks was therefore a vital lifeline from their standpoint. Elections are a very expensive venture, and the opposition does not have the limitless funds available to the PDP and President Goodluck Jonathan.
Someone who knows a thing about the numbers told me at the weekend, that so far, President Jonathan’s camp has not really spent much of the dedicated campaign funds available to it. This six-week window will likely be used to claw back some of the momentum just as it is hoped that the Buhari campaign would see fatigue set in, especially financially. But there is a multi-pronged project to be accomplished in the six weeks timeline.
VANGUARD newspaper of Monday, February 9th, 2015, listed “a two-pronged war”; the first is to “stop Muhammadu Buhari…from contesting the election with Jonathan and the replacement of the INEC Chairman, Prof. Attahiru Jega, with a less independent-minded person”. Jega is considered by presidential hawks to be “too independent-minded and ‘uncooperative’ despite being given the job on a platter of gold by the president’s men”. Jega was similarly described as “rather too ‘difficult’ to deal with, having not allowed himself to be dictated to by anyone since assumption of office like other appointees of government”.
In truth, there are too many interests that must dread the emergence of a Buhari presidency and each of these interests and collectively, would be hoping that the six-week window would be sufficient to somehow damage Buhari sufficiently, as to make him unelectable. On the other hand, they must also be scared stiff, that nothing they throw at the man will dent the feeling for change that has gripped the country, and which Buhari has come to symbolize for many Nigerians from South to North.
The free wheeling heists of the past six years have finally reached a denouement and those who have profited handsomely to the detriment of Nigeria are in panic mode. The red herring of security has pushed INEC to postpone the elections, but the disappointment and angst trailing the decision have weakened President Jonathan’s position at home and abroad.
It is their next step that will determine the fate of Nigeria’s democratic project. The NSA Sambo Dasuki has assured that there will be no more postponements and Boko Haram camps will be taken out within the six-week lifeline, to allow safe elections. But what if that does not happen, would we be headed for a constitutional crisis? What might really be on the horizon for Nigeria? Eternal vigilance remains the price of liberty. It is possible to reclaim our country if we are determined to!
The forthright Gen. Alani Akinrinade
THIS week’s SUNDAY PUNCH carried a most instructive interview with General Alani Akinrinade, one of the finest Nigerian Army officers. Akinrinade belongs to the generation of soldiers of the old school, who played very defining roles in Nigeria’s Civil War, between 1967 and 1970. He retired as Chief of Defense Staff but was to become more socially and politically engaged with Nigeria’s history, especially becoming active in the struggle against military dictatorship, during the 1990s. General Akinrinade is a man of sincere passion and he makes clear his position on issues of national development.
I don’t always agree with his views, but his genuinely patriotic fervor and commitment to the building of an inclusive and socially just society cannot be faulted. I saw General Akinrinade at close quarters during The National Conference, 2014; as a matter of fact, we worked in the same committee, the Committee on Politics and Electoral Matters. It was one of the most dynamic committees of the National Conference, because of the pedigree of its membership, including the inimitable General Alani Akinrinade.
I was therefore not surprised at the breath of vision and the ranging intellect and originality of perspective which he brought to the answers during the interview. He was forthright about the duty of the professional in society, soldier or otherwise: “When you have a duty, especially if it is a professional duty, you should be happy each time you are able to discharge your responsibilities creditably”. And on the roots of the crisis of terrorism in our society today, General Akinrinade said regrettably, “we ignore why people do the things they do. We dismiss them instead of examining the message carefully and finding answers to it”.
He was unambiguous about what faces us: “I think it is rooted in injustice- injustice that breeds poverty in such a big way; that is overwhelming that people become desperate to use any means to vent their frustration and religion is an instrument they use”. And for emphasis, he added that: “there is too much of a class struggle in Nigeria.
The centre of power in Nigeria is so narrow and they make all the decisions”. As the experienced and highly decorated soldier that he is, he fielded questions on the deterioration of Nigeria’s fighting forces and the alarmingly frequent cases of mutiny amongst our troops. General Akinrinade was equally thorough in his appreciation of the problem: “It’s unlawful to demonstrate in the army.
Yet, I don’t think it is enough to rely on the law to discipline erring soldiers in this case. We need to ask why. I tell myself that if these (mutinies by soldiers) happened under my watch, I will court marshal all the officers. I will disband the units because soldiers cannot do anything on their own. Therefore, the senior officers must have done something wrong. We should find out exactly what it is”.
Buhari’s certificate controversy
It was clear that an interview with Akinrinade, in the midst of the controversy generated around General Muhammadu Buhari’s school certificate, could not avoid the issue. Akinrinade was angry about the controversy: “It is an insult to the armed forces- a terrible insult to the armed forces. If they are so embedded in the system and they have lost their souls, then they can go ahead and join everybody in castigating a General of Buhari’s caliber…By the time he joined the army, in those days, there were no cutting corners…Buhari attended the Mons (Officer Cadet School in Aldershot in England) and the Staff College; I don’t want to think they have an idea what they teach in those places…You send a man to America for one and a half years in a military school. Do they think he just went there to learn how to fire a rifle? No”.
Even his requirement for Nigerian leadership was unambiguous: “Considering where we find ourselves today, honesty is the first quality a man should have. The people should trust a leader to the point that his words are taken as a bond. If it is your worry that is honesty enough, I will say yes it is enough.
The next one is wisdom so that the leader is able to get people who will do the work for him”. There were other issues ably interrogated during the interview, but what I have touched here gives a good indication of the forthrightness of General Alani Akinrinade.