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The Law and Gospel views on Christian Marriage and Divorce

By Pastor Moyibi Amoda

Was the Lord adding to the Law when he defined the law in provisional terms? No! The Lord was saying, there was a pre-Law period, when things were different between the male and the female. The change in Adam caused by sin was a change of kind. The pre-Fall Adam is different from the fallen Adam.

The fallen Adam is a creature dead in trespasses and sin. Sin was evident in the hardness of heart of the sinner and the Law of Marriage given for mankind in bondage to sin was quite different from the marriage instituted by God in the creation of the Woman out of the Male. The Lord Jesus went back to the creation to put in perspective the change in the nature and character of the fallen Male created in God’s image and after His likeness.

“The LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul…And the LORD God said, it is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him…And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead of: And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said; This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife; and they shall be one flesh.” (Genesis 2:7,18-24).

The creation of the woman out of man was not the Edenic Marriage; nor was the creation of the woman the same as the creation of the female. When the Lord referred to the beginning of creation, the Lord Jesus had in mind the creation of Man itself; he had in mind Genesis 1:26-27. This was the beginning of creation referred to by the Lord. “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So, God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him, male and female created he them.” The woman is different from the female. The former was created as a complement of “the man, Adam”, she was God’s gift to Adam of a “help meet”; the latter was created as “Man made in God’s image, after God’s likeness” and created to have dominion over living creatures, to replenish the earth, and to subdue it.” (Gen 1:26-28).

The Lord’s marriage was the marriage of the Male and the Female created in God’s image for God’s creation purpose. The Woman created out of Adam was named by Adam: but marriage was the confession of kinship declared by Adam out of whom the Woman was made. “And Adam said” of the Woman brought to him by God; ‘This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” (Genesis 2:23-24).

The Lord Jesus made plain the process by which God produced the Female created as Man by the spoken Word (Genesis 1:26-27). Adam recognized the Woman both as “kindred person” and as “help meet”, taken out of Man. As a kindred person, the Woman was bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh. She was made from Adam and so she was not only of Adam but more importantly she was also of Adam’s being, a bone of “my bones” and “flesh of my flesh’’.

She was constituted of Adam out of the bones and flesh of Adam. Although a distinct entity, the Woman was not a different person, she was a member of Adam in fact, just as the arm is “bone of the bones of a body and flesh of the flesh” of the body. For this cause says the Lord Jesus, every man must leave his father, and his mother and be realized as Man, created Male and Female, by cleaving unto his wife. It is in this cleaving unto his wife, that a man is realized in his wife and the woman in her husband as one flesh, thus reproducing Man created Male and Female. Marriage is this cleaving that produces out of two entities the Adam and the Eve, the Man created Male and Female. The Man is the Marriage, that is the one resulting from the cleaving of the man unto his wife. And God had and therefore did purpose that the Male and the Female which he created as Man should through the process by which He fashioned the woman out of Adam be reconstituted as Man.


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