The Federal Government Â Â Â has commenced the construction of grazing reserves and clearly delineated stock routes for effective livestock development at N3.6 billion.
Dr Junaid Maina, Director, Livestock and Pest Control, Federal Ministry Agriculture and Water Resources, told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)Â on Wednesday in Abuja that the projects were inÂ three categories.
He said the largest reserve, covering 100,000 hectares, was located at Kakur Jangere, Katsina State,Â while the medium size was sited at KutogboÂ in Bauchi State, and the smaller one at Paiko Kore inÂ Gwagwalada, FCT.
Maina said the reserves would be provided with pasture infrastructure, water, livestock service centresÂ as well as land for settlement inside and outside the facilities.
He identified maintenance as a major challenge to the development ofÂ Â grazing reserves across theÂ country.
The director said the new projects would be managed by a team comprisingÂ of representatives of settlers, conflict resolution committee as well as stateÂ and local government representatives.
He noted that the development of the reserves and stock routes had become imperative to avoidÂ conflicts between pastoralists and farmers, due to increased urbanisation and population.
â€œThere must be a permanent solution to the challenges of grazing reserve development in the country and efficient rapid response in conflict prevention and resolution, particularly between pastorialists and farmers,â€™â€™ he added.
Maina announced that government was also demarcating the stock routes inÂ the North Western area, from Illela in Sokoto State to Oyo, while work wasÂ also ongoing on the one from the North East toÂ Calabar and the southernÂ part of the country.
He said of the 415 grazing reserves in the country, only 144 were gazetted, while the number of pastoralists was estimated at about 12 million.