By Issa Aremu
TODAY I join all workers of the world on the occasion of 2020 May Day. As the Vice President representing our beautiful continent, Africa, on the Executive Committee of Industrial Global Union founded in Copenhagen, Denmark, June 19, 2012, I bear witness that this is the first time of virtual May Day in eight years.
May Day used to hold on the streets through solidarity marches and protests. In 130 years of May Day celebration, this year’s is the most precarious, in a global lockdown! In 1980, PRP state governments in Kaduna and Kano under governors Balarabe Musa and late Alhaji Abubakar Rimi respectively progressively declared May Day a public holiday.
In 1981 following the agitation of NLC led by its pioneer President, Hassan Sunmonu, President Shehu Shagari declared first of May, public holiday to celebrate dignity of labour. In the past 40 years (and during my 35 years of trade unionism), this is the first May Day without open manifestations by workers worldwide. No thanks to COVID-19 pandemic! Globally, 3,147,626 Coronavirus Cases had been reported, with 218,187 deaths.
In America alone, coronavirus cases passed the one million mark and deaths almost doubled Africa’s at 58,220, (more than lives lost in the Vietnam War!) according to Johns Hopkins University. In Africa, there have been 34,924 confirmed coronavirus cases, confirmed 1,529 coronavirus deaths and 11,336 recoveries. In Nigeria, as at Wednesday, there were 1532 confirmed cases, 255 recoveries and 44 deaths.
Kano, an industrial city raises a spectre of pandemic within a pandemic. This is not the time for blame game. Needed is solidarity to save lives and livelihoods. All Nigerians must rise in solidarity with Kano people and government to stop the scourge of mass deaths. We commend the interventions of the Federal Government in Kano.
The dead and recoveries are not just numbers but fathers and mothers, sisters and brothers, health and medical, media workers, factory and service workers, statesmen, government officials, sportsmen and women, musicians with shortened aspirations. The collapse of livelihoods stares the living through closures of factories, loss of jobs and incomes deepening poverty.
Is virtual May Day a passing fad or a new normal? Physical distancing affects mass rallies as much as it affects any mass gatherings of the workforce. The world of work can hardly be the same again. Smart work or hardworking? Homeworking or industrial work? Formal or informal work? We live to work or work to live? ILO centenary last year agonised about all the above questions but it takes an ubiquitous virus to compel urgent answers today.
I salute all comrades and affiliates in all sectors of our continent in the struggle and resistance against this ubiquitous deadly opportunistic disease negatively impacting lives, jobs and well being. Happily, our global union gives the tools of the struggle against endemic exploitation in the world of work no less than a deadly COVID-19, (even though nobody imagined the scale of this virus menace). The immediate task is the defence of workers’ rights.
First thing first: the right to life! Before the vaccine is obtained, it’s time for personal and industrial hygiene. Physical distancing without stigmatization! Obedience of advice by public health authorities. Then mass education of workers that COVID-19 is real not a joke but life and death as President Muhammadu Buhari had repeated in his three national broadcasts.
Governments and employers have the singular responsibility to ensure the safety of all but importantly essential workforce under the lockdowns, especially the doctors, nurses, pharmacists and medical workers, media and information as well as security workers in general through the provisions of quality Personal Protective Equipment, PPE. The pandemic shows that Labour not only creates wealth but saves and nurtures lives.
Post COVID-19 governments and businesses must stop underrating workers but see them as partners in development. Minister of Health, Osagie Ehanire, reported that not less than 40 health workers in Nigeria tested positive for COVID-19.
Some have actually died in both public and private hospitals. Better late than never: Presidential Taskforce on COVID-19 (PTF) had initiated the Life Insurance cover to the frontline workers on COVID-19 for a maximum of 5000 health workers who are employed to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.
The premium in the sum of N112,500,000 is however still token given the risks to irreplaceable lives. There must be social protection through comprehensive health insurance for all workers and citizens as a matter of right. And it should start now. COVID-19 pandemic no doubt raises the noise level of lives and livelihoods. But Malaria kills 100,000 annually in Nigeria.
More than Corona Virus! And Malaria has cure which many poor people can hardly afford because thanks public health has collapsed. Job-related deaths must be of concern to all. ILO statistics indicate that one worker dies every 15 seconds worldwide, 6300 workers die every day and an average of two million three hundred thousand workers die annually as a result of work-related accidents and diseases. In fact, more people die at work than in wars.
Secondly, there is an urgent need to protect and advance livelihoods. Organized labour under the most difficult conditions had commendably risen to defend the right to pay, wages and jobs under the lockdown.
IndustriALL Secretariat in Geneva salutarily coordinates the efforts of affiliates in mitigating the impact of COVID 19 on sectors and regions, sharing the best responses. I salute the leadership of NLC and TUC for ensuring that President Buhari’s directive that all workers should be paid as at when due during the lockdown is respected by all employers in both public and private sectors.
The NLC/TUC/ CIVIL SOCIETY labour situation room is novel and timely to promote the use the existing collective bargaining and social dialogue in ensuring employers and government do not shift the burden of the pandemic on workers. It is also significant and commendable that the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission (NSIWC), under the acting Executive Chairman, Nta Ekpeyong, had proactively initiated improved COVID-19 allowances for medical doctors and other health workers allowances, particularly for those in the frontline of the fight against COVID-19, starting from March 2020.
The Minister of Labour and Employment, Chris Ngige, led the government team with doctors and other health workers to effect payment from March 2020. The Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) commendably recently resisted the attempt by Governor Nyesom Wike of Rivers State to harass members of the union on essential duty by security operatives.
It’s time new relationships between all Stakeholders for Partnership against pandemic and new post-COVID-19 economy, not the old war of attrition and adversarial unhelpful relations. Governor Wike should also immediately lift the illegal siege on the NLC secretariat in Portharcourt and initiate social dialogue for resolution of all outstanding labour issues, especially on the new minimum wage.
We salute the prompt action of the Inspector-General of Police, Mohammed Adamu, in removing former rivers CP, Dandaura Mustapha, and replacing him with Gobum Mukan. The former CP played an unacceptable anti-labour role in illegally arresting 22 members of the union from ExxonMobil on essential duty. The federal and state governments had listed categories of persons exempted from the total lockdown directives to include senior staff in the oil and gas industry which PENGASSAN represents.
COVID-19 already made work precarious. No employer including state Governor should further violate the rights of workers through intimidation and harassment. More than ever before, solidarity is needed to prevent the pandemic and protect jobs.
We salute the solidarity of National Union of Electricity Workers (NUE), PENGASSAN and NUPENG in freeing the two Caverton Helicopters pilots and their ten passengers were arrested, charged to court, and remanded in Port Harcourt prison for allegedly violating the lockdown order in Rivers State. An injury to one is an injury to all.
It was reassuring that President Muhammadu Buhari said the Federal government would “not tolerate any human rights abuse by our security agencies” regretting few reported incidences of violations. The point cannot be overstated that Security workers are also frontline workforce who must be motivated, trained and retrained for effective service delivery. Indeed all citizens have a legitimate claim to national government interventions in protecting lives and livelihood through unconditional cash benefits and palliatives.
Lastly, Nigeria and Africa should not waste the lessons of the current lockdown. It’s time to heed the advice of Godwin Emefiele, Governor of CBN and turn COVID-19 TRAGEDY COVID-19 into an OPPORTUNITY FOR A NEW NIGERIA. We must urgently diversify the economy, benefit and add value and create millions of new Decent jobs.
Produce what we consume starting with face masks, sanitizers and ventilators and items in health value chains. Post Corona Virus, Nigeria should be less dependent on imports, grants and aids and feverish loans but on savings and local investment.
Aremu is Vice President, IndustriALL Global Union and Member National Institute, Kuru Jos.