May 3, 2024

Only 21% of Nigerian households are food secure – Report


By Emmanuel Elebeke

With the rising insecurity and high cost of food in the country, only about 21 per cent of Nigerian households are food secure.

This is contained in the 2021 National Food Consumption and Micronutrients Survey report launched in Abuja by the Federal government in collaboration with foreign partners and other stakeholders in the food sector.

The report also shows that aside this number, 79 per cent households are food insecure in Nigeria, while 59 per cent is moderately food insecure and another 20 per cent are severely food insecure.

Presenting the preview of the report, one of the researchers, Dr. Olarinwaju Isiaka  said about 41.5 percent households in the country did not have money to buy food in the past 7 days  preceding the survey, whereas, 4% households has very minimal .

He explained that the report which does not frequently come by said it focused on women in their productive age, children from 0-59 months and girls in their adolescent year.

On the issue of hygiene, he said about 23 percent households in Nigeria are not having toilet facility.

Further breakdown of the report indicates that 62.9% of households in Nigeria within the period under review have access to improved water sources and another 42.6% have access to borehole water system, while 17.40% households have access to protective well water.

Also, the report says 1.1% households have water piped into access to pipe borne water.

On the geo-political level, it was shown that South East and South South zones had lowest percentage of pipe borne water and highest borehole  access, whereas the Western and Northern regions fare better followed by South South  geo-political zone.

Speaking on the report, the Country Director of GAIN , Dr.  Michael Ojo  said it was worrisome ‘‘that we   are not  going forward  in water supply from 11-1.1%, showing a decline of 10% within a period of 10 years’’.

He said the reason why Nigeria has issue with food system was because every stakeholder had been working in silos without addressing the root cause of problem. According to him, concerted efforts is needed to fix the nation’s food system, adding that what happens before and after the food system has to be put in the right perspective.  

Continuing, he said 20-24% of food produced pre-post production usually waste away and  called for increased capacity  building and value  addition.

To address the worsening poverty in the country, he noted that issue of poverty must be  must addressed and food made available for people to eat.