Foreign

April 9, 2024

How to become United States citizens for Nigerians living in the US

How to become United States citizens for Nigerians living in the US

For Nigerians living in the United States, the journey to becoming a United States citizen is a significant milestone that offers numerous opportunities and benefits. 

However, the path to the United States citizenship can seem complex and daunting. 

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In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide on how Nigerians living in the U.S. can navigate the process of obtaining the United States citizenship, detailing each step along the way:

Eligibility Requirements

Before beginning the citizenship application process, Nigerians must ensure they meet the eligibility criteria set forth by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Key requirements include:

  • Being a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for a certain period, usually five years (or three years if married to a United States citizen).
  • Demonstrating continuous residence and physical presence in the United States.
  • Being of good moral character and passing a background check.
  • Being proficient in English and having knowledge of United States civics and government.

File Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

Once eligibility criteria are met, the next step is to complete and submit Form N-400 to USCIS. This form serves as the official application for naturalization and requires detailed information about the applicant’s background, immigration history, and eligibility qualifications.

Biometrics Appointment

After submitting Form N-400, applicants will receive a notice from USCIS scheduling a biometrics appointment. During this appointment, applicants will provide fingerprints, photographs, and signature for identity verification purposes.

Interview and Naturalization Test

Upon completion of the biometrics appointment, applicants will be scheduled for an interview with a USCIS officer. During the interview, the officer will review the applicant’s N-400 application and assess their eligibility for citizenship.

Additionally, applicants will be tested on their knowledge of English and civics through the naturalization test.

Oath of Allegiance

If the USCIS officer approves the application for naturalization, the final step is to attend a naturalization ceremony and take the Oath of Allegiance.

During the ceremony, applicants pledge their loyalty to the United States and renounce allegiance to any foreign country. Upon taking the oath, applicants officially become citizens.

Apply for U.S. Passport

After obtaining U.S. citizenship, Nigerians living in the can apply for a U.S. passport, which serves as official proof of citizenship and allows for international travel.

The passport application process involves submitting Form DS-11, along with supporting documents, to a designated passport acceptance facility.

Register to Vote

As U.S. citizens, Nigerians living in the U.S. have the right to participate in the country’s democratic process by voting in federal, state, and local elections. To exercise this right, newly naturalized citizens can register to vote in their state of residence.

Access Benefits and Opportunities

Becoming a U.S. citizen opens up a wide range of benefits and opportunities, including the ability to petition for family members to immigrate to the United States, eligibility for federal government jobs, access to certain government benefits and programs, and protection from deportation.

Being a United States citizen is a significant milestone for Nigerians living in the U.S. It’s a milestone that offers a pathway to greater opportunities, rights, and privileges. 

The steps outlined in this guide will help eligible individuals navigate the citizenship application process with confidence and achieve their goal of becoming proud citizens of the United States.