Business

February 23, 2024

FX: CBN advises customs on rate to adopt for import duty assessment

CBN New Capital Base

Yemi Cardoso, CBN Governor

By Elizabeth Adegbesan

The Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, today advised the Nigeria Custom Service, NCS, and other related parties to adopt the closing Foreign exchange (FX) rate on the date of opening Form M for the importation of goods as the foreign exchange (FX) rate for Import Duty Assessment effective February 26, 2024.

The apex bank gave this advice in a circular to all authorized dealers, NCS and the General Public, signed by its Director Trade and Exchange Department, Dr. Hassan Mahmud.
According to the apex bank, the advice was based on the concerns expressed by importers of goods and services on the irregular changes in the Import Duty Assessment levies applied by NCS which had built uncertainties around the pricing structure of goods and services in the economy and creating abnormal increases in the final sale prices of items.

CBN noted that the rate would remain
valid until the date of termination of the importation and clearance of goods by importers.

“Following the liberalization of the FX market on Willing Buyer – Willing Seller trading principle, the CBN has noted the concerns of importers of goods and services in the irregular changes in the Import Duty Assessment levies applied by the NCS.
“These developments have further built uncertainties around the pricing structure of goods and services in the economy and creating abnormal increases in the final sale prices of items, which is largely driven by uncertainties, rather than traditional market fundamentals, with implications to near term inflation trend.
“To this effect, the CBN wishes to advise that the NCS and other related Parties adopt the closing FX rate on the date of opening Form M for the importation of goods, as the FX rate to be used for Import Duty Assessment.
“This rate remains valid until the date of termination of the importation and clearance of goods by importers.
“This would enable the NCS and the importers to effectively plan appropriately and reduce the uncertainties around varying daily exchange rate in determining
their revenue or cost structure, respectively.
“Therefore, effective 26th February 2024, the closing rate on the date of opening of Form M for the importation of goods and services would be the rates that would apply for the assessment of import duty. “This supersedes the requirements of Memorandum 9, J (2) of the Central Bank
of Nigeria Foreign Exchange Manual. (Revised dition), 2018.
“While the CBN is mindful of the initial volatility and price distortions in the aftermath of the FX market liberalization, the Bank is confident that these reforms, would in the medium term, ensure stability in the market and entrench market confidence necessary to attract investment
capital for the growth and development of the Nigerian economy.”