President Muhammadu Buhari has restated Nigeria’s commitment for a safer and healthier global climate, listing the country’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to include elimination of kerosene lighting by 2030.
Buhari spoke during a virtual meeting, hosted by President Joe Biden of the United States, on Major Economies Forum (MEF) on Energy and Climate Change.
He listed other measures to include increase in use of buses for public transport and reduction in burning of crop residues.
Buhari said that an updated NDC to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change had been submitted to replace the interim contribution of May 27, 2021.
“Our updated NDC includes the waste sector which is expected to contribute to the reduction of Nigeria’s greenhouse gas emissions.
“This development raised an additional two per cent to the Nationally Determined Contribution from 45 per cent to 47 per cent conditionally and 20 per cent unconditionally below business-as-usual.
“Other action plans that are inherent in our NDC include; elimination of kerosene lighting by 2030, increase in the use of bus rapid transit as a means of transportation for the general public.
“Also, 50 per cent reduction in the fraction of crop residues burnt by 2030 and implementation of forest programmes.
“Initiatives to deliver 20 per cent greenhouse gas emission reductions and enhanced removals equivalent to approximately 74.2 Metric tons of Carbon Dioxide by 2030.
“And ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to phase out Hydro-fluoro-carbon emissions,’’ he said.
Buhari also said that Nigeria was developing national frameworks for Article 6 and for carbon pricing.
He added, “We have finalized the Sectoral Action Plan for the implementation of the revised NDC in the key priority sectors, namely Energy, Oil & Gas, Agriculture & Land use, Power, Transport and Water and Waste’’.
On the Global Methane Pledge, the President said Nigeria joined the Global Methane Alliance in 2019 with commitment to methane reduction targets of at least 45 per cent by 2025 and a 60-75 per cent reduction by 2030.
“Nigeria’s 2019 National Plan to Reduce Methane has started through the required voluntary actions, with an initial focus on elimination of Short-Lived Pollutants methane in the Oil and Gas sector.
“Our plan aims to improve air quality and reduce Nigeria’s contribution to climate change through 22 specific mitigation measures in eight source sectors.
“These are, transportation, cooking and lighting in households, industry, waste, oil and gas, agriculture, power and Hydro-Fluoro-Carbon.
“Also, adoption and ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol aimed at phasing out Hydro- fluoro-carbon emissions.
“The full implementation of these measures would be effective in reducing Short-Lived Pollutants.
“This is with an 83 per cent reduction in black carbon emissions by 2030 compared to a business-as-usual scenario, and 61 per cent reduction in methane emissions.
“These measures are also effective in reducing other air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, and also reduce carbon dioxide emissions,’’ he added.
The president said implementation of the measures could reduce exposure to air pollution across Nigeria by 22 per cent in 2030, while reducing Nigeria’s contribution to climate change.
“My administration approved Nigeria’s Sustainable Energy for All Action Agenda in 2016, which has a target of almost tripling generation capacity in the next decade, to reach a total of 30 Gigawatt by 2030.
“Of this, 30 per cent will be generated from renewable resources, with almost half of this provided by medium and large hydro.
“The Clean Energy Transport Scheme in major Nigerian cities involves the introduction of compressed natural gas for buses in public transport.
“Nigeria is aware that its heavy dependence on fossil fuel makes the country especially vulnerable in a world that has a target to reduce or even eliminate fossil fuel as a key driver of the global economy,’’ Buhari said.
He said that a number of countries were already setting bans on the sale of oil consuming Internal Combustion Engine vehicles.
“However, Nigeria is also aware that short term response to transition from fossil fuel to clean energy may jeopardize our economic growth.
“As a result, we intend to use the Long-Term Low-Emissions Development Strategy as our transition process,’’ Buhari said.
According to him, the Long-Term Low-Emissions Development Strategy provides Nigeria the pathway to carefully assess the opportunities that might arise in terms of a cleaner, more dynamic, and more sustainable growth model.
“It will also provide the options for the country to implement a less carbon-intensive model of economic development in the face of decreasing global reliance on fossil fuel energy,’’ the President said.
He added that achieving a climate-neutral economy by 2050 would require progressively phasing out or profoundly changing the country’s carbon-intensive industries, which would be particularly challenging.
Buhari further explained that this would require a well-managed transition through effective visioning and full financial support from partners.
According to him, Nigeria is ready to partner countries and relevant stakeholders to achieve the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and objectives of the Paris Agreement.
Buhari thanked President Biden for convening the important event which he said, had remained crucial to the wellbeing of national economies as well as continued existence of all people on the planet.
The president also thanked other members of the Major Economies Forum for Energy and Climate Change for their commitment to climate action.
He lauded the consensus on the deployment of clean energy technologies at the lowest possible cost and establishment of the global partnership to drive transformational progress across the globe.
“It is our fervent hope and expectation that the partnership will be vigorously pursued in order to mitigate the consequential adversities of climate change on our environment.
“Your Excellencies, the bad effects of climate change are disastrous to humanity, considering the magnitude of environmental destruction and its negative impacts on our respective countries.
“In Nigeria, we have witnessed several environmental challenges including creeping land degradation, desertification and drought in the northern part.
“Wanton deforestation, land encroachment, invasion of coastal lines, biodiversity loss, flooding and coastal erosion in the southern region of our country.
“These developments reinforce Nigeria’s commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
“This is geared towards the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic consequences and to the rules of the 2015 Paris Agreement,’’ the President added.
Buhari said he had already signed the Nigerian Climate Change Bill on Nov. 18, 2021, in fulfillment of Nigeria’s commitment to the Glasgow Climate Pact.
“The Climate Change Act provides a legal framework for achieving low greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring green and sustainable economic growth.
“The Act will support and enable the implementation of national climate actions.
“This includes accessing climate finance and carbon trading that will enable reduction in greenhouse gases that are contributory factors to climate change and its attendant effects,’’ he said.
The virtual summit was addressed by about 20 presidents and prime ministers or their representatives.
Those who personally did so included the host, President Biden, President Buhari, the German Chancellor, the President of Turkey, Prime Ministers of Japan and Canada as well as the Secretary General of the United Nations and the President of the European Commission.