By Chioma Obinna
On this year’s World No Tobacco Day, the World Health Organisation, WHO has warned that smoking one cigarette a day can seriously harm a person’s health even as it disclosed that no fewer than 1.2 million non-smokers die from exposure to tobacco smoke.
In a message to mark the day, WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti noted that tobacco kills half of its users as it harms nearly every organ in the human body.
She said: “Tobacco use can lead to lung, mouth, throat, oesophagus, stomach, bowel and other cancers. It increases the risk of chest and lung infections, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and other conditions. There is no safe form of tobacco.
Noting that the theme for this year was “Commit to quit” as the choice to stop tobacco was in individual’s hands, she said: “ Millions of people have been motivated to quit tobacco during the COVID-19 pandemic because of evidence showing tobacco smoking impairs lung function, making it harder for the body to fight off coronaviruses and other diseases.
“Of the 1.3 billion tobacco users globally, 60 per cent have expressed the desire to quit but only 30% have access to the tools to do so successfully. Digital solutions can help to fill this gap and so at WHO we have introduced “Florence” a digital health worker who gives brief advice on how to quit and links people with the tools and solutions that can help.
“More than 75 million people in the African Region use some form of tobacco. This burden is likely to increase as consumer purchasing power improves coupled with intensive efforts by the tobacco industry to expand the African market. Public health advocates should therefore actively pursue counter-marketing campaigns that highlight the many risks of tobacco use.”
She said WHO was supporting countries to scale-up programmes to help people quit tobacco, especially at the primary health care and community levels, adding that support to quit was available in primary health care facilities in 11 countries and in Angola, Botswana and Zambia these services are offered at no cost to consumers.
Continuing, she said: “National toll-free lines where tobacco users can call and get advice are available in six countries. Nicotine replacement therapy is sold in pharmacies in 19 countries with governments fully covering the costs in Eswatini, Mauritius and Seychelles.
“Nicotine replacement therapy is included in the essential medicines list in Algeria, Ethiopia and South Africa. Burkina Faso is implementing “TobaccoCessation,” a mobile text messaging-based solution.”
She the promising progress now needs to be expanded to more countries in the WHO African Region. She called on governments and communities to be alert to industry tactics to attract new users and keep people using tobacco, even when they are trying to quit.
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“Products such as electronic cigarettes and nicotine pouches are highly addictive and not recommended as strategies to reduce tobacco use.
She affirmed that WHO remains committed to supporting Member States to meet their obligations under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
These include the development and implementation of programmes to promote quitting tobacco in schools, universities, health facilities, workplaces and sporting environments. Services to diagnose tobacco dependence and help people quit should be included as an integral component in national health and education programmes, plans and strategies.
Moetti further called on governments to improve access to these services, using a combination of approaches, such as toll-free quitlines, nicotine replacement therapy (such as gum, patches, sprays and other products), and digital solutions to empower people to quit. These interventions can be phased in where resources are limited.
Vanguard News Nigeria