October 12, 2020

Economy loses N900bn credit, private sector stagnates at N30trn

Coping with Sobowale’s expired ideas

By Babajide Komolafe

Credit to the economy fell by N900 billion or 2.27 percent in August driven by slump in credit to the government during the month. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) disclosed this in its Depository Corporation Survey report for August.

According to the CBN, credit to the domestic economy (Net Domestic Credit, NDC) fell by 2.27 percent to N38.67 trillion in August from N39.57 trillion in July.

This was due to N730 billion or 10.21 percent decline in credit to the government, which fell to N8.55 trillion in August from N9.52 trillion in July.

The decline in credit to the government was driven by a sharp fall in government borrowing through treasury bills (TBs), as total TBs held by investors dropped by N510 billion or 14.7 percent to N2.97 trillion in August from N3.48 trillion in July.

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The report also shows that credit to the private sector was relatively stagnant at N30.13 trillion at the end of August, slightly higher by 0.24 percent when compared with the N30.06 trillion in July.

According to the CBN survey, Broad Money Supply (M3 money) rose by 1.62 percent month-on-month (m-o-m) to N37.19 trillion in August 2020.

This resulted from a 13.38 percent increase in Net Foreign Assets (NFA) to N8.66 trillion; however Net Domestic Asset (NDA) decreased m-o-m by 2.46 percent to N42.17 trillion.

The survey showed that the decline  in NDA was chiefly driven by a 2.27 percent  m-o-m moderation in Net Domestic Credit (NDC) to N38.67 trillion, accompanied by a 4.51 percent  m-o-m decline in other assets net to N3.48 trillion in August 2020.

Further breakdown of the NDC showed a 10.21 percent  m-o-m decline in Credit to the Government to N8.55 trillion; however, Credit to the Private sector rose marginally by 0.24 percent  to N30.13 trillion.

On the liabilities side, the 1.62 percent  m-o-m increase in M3 Money was driven by the 3.33 percent  m-o-m increase in M2 Money to N34.22 trillion, but was partly offset by a 14.70 percent  fall in treasury bills held by money holding sector to N2.97 trillion. The increase in M2 was propelled by a 4.62 percent  rise in Narrow Money (M1) to N13.14 trillion (of which Demand Deposits increased by 6.02 percent  to N11.64 trillion, however currency outside banks fell by 2.66 percent  to N1.97 trillion), and a 2.54 percent  increase in Quasi Money (near maturing short term financial instruments) to N21.08 trillion. Reserve Money (Base Money) further rose m-o-m by 2.02 percent  to N13.69 trillion as Bank reserves increased m-o-m by 2.68 percent  to N11.32 trillion, however currency in circulation moderated by 1.04 percent  to N2.37 trillion.