Russia on Friday contested the position of a recently adopted EU resolution that the 1939 non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union led to the outbreak of World War II.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry denounced the European Parliament resolution as politicised revisionism, noting that the text did not mention Western powers’ 1938 Munich Agreement enabling Nazi Germany’s invasion of Czechoslovakia.
According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, the European Parliament marked yet another outrageous attempt to equate Nazi Germany, the aggressor country, and the Soviet Union, whose peoples, at the cost of huge sacrifices, liberated Europe from fascism.
The Nazi-Soviet pact is rarely discussed in today’s Russia, whereas the Allied, particularly Soviet’s victory over Nazi Germany, ending the war in Europe, remained a much-celebrated source of national pride.
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The EU resolution, that had just been adopted, said the pact set out to divide Europe between the two totalitarian regimes of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.
The pact is commonly known for the diplomats who signed it in Moscow as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
However, historians believed that Soviet leader Josef Stalin used the pact as an opportunity to annex territories that, before the 1917 communist revolution, belonged to the Russian empire.
Meanwhile, as Nazi Germany expanded into western Poland, the Soviet Union occupied Baltic territories and eastern Poland.
Russia, however, preserved the Soviet position that the pact was a necessary evil, an attempt to prevent the Nazi offensive into the Soviet Union.
This, nevertheless, came two years after the signing, when Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union in 1941