By Babajide Komolafe
The banking industry recorded 106 per cent increase in profitability to N310 billion in 2018 from N150 billion in 2017.
The upsurge in profitability was driven by sharp decline in operating expenses which dropped by 25 per cent to N330 billion in 2018 from N440 billion in 2017.
Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation, NDIC, disclosed this in its 2018 annual report released, yesterday, which indicated improvements in all the key performance indices of Deposit Money Banks in 2018, namely Capital Adequacy Ratio, Liquidity Ratio and Non-Performing Loan, NPL, ratio.
The report read: “The banking industry unaudited profit before tax (PBT) significantly rose from N150 billion in 2017 to N310 billion in 2018.
‘’That could be attributed to a reduction in operating expenses by 25 percent from N440 billion in 2017 to N330 billion in 2018. The Yield on Earning Assets increased from 2.62 percent as at December 31, 2017 to 3.23 percent as at December 31, 2018.
“Similarly, Return on Assets (ROA) rose to 0.88 percent as at December 31, 2018 from 0.48 per cent recorded as at December 31, 2017. Also, Return on Equity (ROE) increased from 4.70 percent as at December 31, 2017 to 9.73 percent as at December 31, 2018.
“The banking industry average Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) increased to 15.26 percent as at December 31, 2018 from 10.23 percent as at December 31, 2017, above the regulatory minimum of 10 percent and 15 percent for banks with national and international authorisation, respectively.
‘’The increase in CAR could be explained by the 44.88 percent increase in the total qualifying capital from N2.2 trillion in 2017 to N3.18 trillion in 2018 and complemented by the 2.89 percent decline in the Total Risk-Weighted Assets from N21.52 trillion in 2017 to N20.89 trillion in 2018.
The recapitalisation requirements declined from N1.57 trillion in 2017 to N704.88 billion as at December 31, 2018.
“Total credit extended by the DMBs to the domestic economy amounted to N15.29 trillion in 2018, representing a 3.90 percent decrease from the N15.91 trillion recorded in 2017. Similarly, the industry non-performing loans, NPLs, decreased by 25.15 percent to N1.79 trillion in 2018 from N2.36 trillion in 2017.
‘’The banking industry was exposed to high credit risk as depicted by the high NPLs ratio of 11.70 percent as at December 31, 2018, though an improvement when compared with NPLs ratio of 14.84 percent recorded as at December 31, 2017.
‘’The industry NPLs ratio of 11.70 percent exceeded the maximum prudential threshold of 5 percent for DMBs. In the same vein, the NPLs to Shareholders’ Fund Ratio improved from 69.21 percent in 2017 to 57.50 percent in 2018.”
‘’The analysis of sectoral allocation of credit by DMBs shows that the sector with highest credit concentration in 2018 was the oil and gas. The level of DMBs exposure to the Oil & Gas Sector stood at ¦ 4.66 trillion or 30.46 percent of the industry total credits of ¦ 15.29 trillion as at December 31, 2018.
‘’The second in the level of exposure was the manufacturing sector with ¦ 2.25 trillion or 14.71 percent of total credits. That was followed by the government with ¦ 1.34 trillion or 8.78 percent of the total credits.
‘’While General Commerce accounted for ¦ 1.14 trillion or 7.44 percent of total credits, the Finance & Insurance and General sectors received 6.49 percent and 6 percent of total credit, respectively.”