By Henry Umoru
ABUJA – PRESIDENT Muhammadu Buhari has written to the Senate, seeking approval for external loan of $5.5 billion to enable the Federal Government finance the 2017 budget.
President Buhari’s loan request was contained in a letter to the Senate President, Senator Bukola Saraki, which was read on the floor of the Senate, yesterday.
The four-page letter is entitled “Request for the approval of External Loans for:
- Implementation of the External Borrowing Approved in the 2017 Appropriation Act;
- External Borrowing to Re-finance maturing domestic debts through the issuance of $3 billion Euro bond in the International Capital Market or through a loan syndication.”
According to the letter, while $3 billion will be sourced through Euro bond, the remaining $2.5 will come from other sources in the international capital market.
President Buhari, however, allayed the fears of Nigerians on possible effect or problems that might come up as a result of the loan, saying the proposed external borrowing of $3 billion to re-finance maturing domestic debt would not lead to an increase in the public debt portfolio.
According to him, the substitution of domestic debt, with relatively cheaper and long-term external debt, will lead to a significant decrease in debt service cost.
The President also said government’s moves in re-financing domestic debt through external debt would also achieve more stability in debt stock, adding that it would create more borrowing space in the domestic market for the private sector.
President Buhari, who noted that the Senate had in the 2017 Appropriation Act, put Debt Service at N1.663 trillion, which represents 32.73% of Federal Government’s total expenditure, added that with this, it had become very imperative to take urgent steps to reduce debt service costs.
He, however, warned that failure to re-balance the country’s debt portfolio through substitution of domestic debt with less expensive long term external debt, would continue to expose the country to the risk of high debt service-to-revenue ratio, thereby limiting the ability of government to execute capital projects and other priority expenditure.
It would be recalled that the 2017 budget was predicated on a debt deficit of N2.1 trillion, which the Federal Government hopes to secure from both local and external sources to fund the country’s infrastructure deficit.
Minister of Finance, Kemi Adeosun, and her counterpart in the Ministry of Budget & National Planning, Udoma Udo Udoma, had during a meeting with the Senate Joint Committee on Finance and Appropriations, last week, appealed for urgent resolution of the National Assembly to secure the external borrowing, explaining that the loans had become imperative for Nigeria to fix priority projects, such as roads, power and national security.
Also recall that the Senate had, last week, stepped down the recommendation of its committee to consider the issue of external borrowing for the executive on grounds that it was yet to receive any formal request in that regard.
The President’s letter dated October 4, 2017, read: “The Senate may wish to refer to the 2017 Appropriation Act, which has a deficit of N2.356 trillion and provision for new borrowings of N2.321 trillion, respectively.
‘’The Act also provides for domestic borrowing of N1.254 trillion and external borrowing of N1.067 trillion (about USD3.5 billion).’’
On Issuance of USD2.5 billion for financing the 2017 Appropriation Act, the President said: “The Senate may wish to note that in order to implement the external borrowing approved by the National Assembly in the 2017 Appropriation Act, the FGN issued a USD300 million Diaspora Bond in the International Capital Market (ICM) in June 2017.
‘’The balance of the 2017 external borrowing, in the sum of USD3.2 billion is planned to be partially sourced from issuances in the ICM of USD2.5 billion through Eurobonds or a combination of Eurobonds and Diaspora Bonds, while USD700 million is proposed to be raised from multilateral sources.
‘’It should be noted that the intention is to issue the Eurobonds first, with the objective of raising all the funds through Eurobonds, and that Diaspora Bonds will only be issued where the full amount cannot be raised through Eurobonds.
“The Senate may wish to note that the proceeds from the proposed issuance of Eurobonds (and Diaspora Bond) in the ICM would be used to finance the deficit in the 2017 Appropriation Act and provide funding for the capital projects in the budget.
‘’The projects include the Mambilla Hydropower, construction of a second runway at Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, counterpart funding for rail projects and the construction of Bodo-Bonny Road, with a bridge across Opobo Channel.’’
On USD3 billion for re-financing of domestic debts, President Buhari said: “In addition to the implementation of the External borrowing approved in the 2017 Appropriation Act, in order to reduce debt service levels and lengthen the tenor profile of the debt stock, the FGN seeks to substitute maturing domestic debt with less expensive long term external debt.
‘’The FGN plans to source USD3.0 billion through the issuance of Eurobonds in the ICM and/or loan syndication by banks, as approved by the Federal Executive Council at its meeting of August 9, 2017.
“It is important to note that the proposed sourcing of USD3.0 billion from external sources to re-finance maturing domestic debt will not lead to an increase in the public debt portfolio because the debt already exists, albeit in the form of high interest short term domestic debt. ‘’Rather, the substitution of domestic debt with relatively cheaper and long-term external debt will lead to a significant decrease in debt service cost. This proposed re-financing of domestic debt through external debt will also achieve more stability in the debt stock, while also creating more borrowing space in the domestic market for the private sector.
‘’The Senate will recall that in the 2017 Appropriation Act, debt service at N1.663 trillion represents 32.73% of FGN’s total expenditure, which makes it important to take urgent steps to reduce debt service costs.
‘’Failure to rebalance the FGN’s debt portfolio through substitution of domestic debt with less expensive long term external debt, will continue to expose the country to the risk of high debt service-to-revenue ratio, thereby limiting the ability of the government to execute capital projects and other priority expenditure.
“The Senate may wish to note that, in line with the provisions of Sections 21 (1) and 27 (1) of the Debt Management Office, (Establishment, Etc.) Act, Cap D.12 Laws of the Federation, the approval of the National Assembly is required for external borrowings as proposed in Paragraphs 2-5.
“The summary of the requests in Paragraphs 2 to 5 are as follows: i. USD2.5 billion issuance in the International Capital Market, through Eurobonds or a combination of Eurobonds and Diaspora Bonds, for the financing of the deficit in the 2017 Appropriation Act and capital expenditure projects in the Act as stated in Paragraph 3; and USD3.0 billion external borrowing for the refinancing of maturing domestic debt obligations through the issuance of Eurobonds or through a loan syndication.
“With respect to the terms and conditions of the proposed external borrowings, the Senate may wish to note that being market-based transactions, the terms and conditions of the borrowings can only be determined at the point of issuance of finalisation based on prevailing market conditions in the ICM.
‘’It is important to state that the previous issuances of Eurobonds by Nigeria were at the following coupons- USD500 million (2011/10-year): 6.75%; USD500 million (2013/5-year): 5.125%; USD500 million (2013/10-year): 6.375%; and USD1,500 million (2017/15-year): 7.875%, while the USD300 million Diaspora Bond (5-year) issued in June 2017 was at a coupon of 5.625%.
‘’These coupons were based on the prevailing market conditions at the respective times. It should be noted that current market conditions are considered more favourable than at the time of Nigeria’s last issuances of the Eurobond in March 2017 and the Diaspora Bond in June 2017, with secondary market yields lower than the coupons.
‘’The Federal Ministry of Finance, the Debt Management Office and the Federal Government’s appointed transaction parties for the proposed external borrowings will work assiduously within the context of the market to secure the best terms and conditions for the Federal. Republic of Nigeria.
“Meanwhile, an overview of indicative terms and conditions is attached for your information as Appendix I.”
“Accordingly, the Senate is requested to kindly approve the following external borrowings: i Issuance of USD2.5 billion in the ICM, through Eurobonds or a combination of Eurobonds and Diaspora Bonds, for the financing of the FGN 2017 Appropriation Act and Capital Expenditure Projects in the Act; and,
“Issuance of Eurobond in the ICM and/or Loan Syndication by banks in the sum of USD3.0 billion for re-financing of maturing domestic debt obligations of the FGN.’’