By Sola Ogundipe
As Nigeria joins the rest of the world to commemorate World Contraception Day today, the issues surrounding women’s reproductive health and rights are paramount more than ever.
With theme: “It’s Your Life, It’s Your Future, Know Your Body”, this year’s World Contraception Day continues the campaign around the vision where every pregnancy is wanted through enabling women and young people to make informed choices on their sexual and reproductive health.
The Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights issues include- Sexually Transmitted Infections, STIs, unplanned pregnancies, unsafe abortion, maternal morbidity and mortality. etc.
In Nigeria as in most developing countries, the ultimate goal is reduction of the number of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies,through promotion of uptake and adoption of contraceptives.
Findings by Good Health Weekly however showed that Contraceptive Prevalence Rates, CPR, in Lagos have increased. More women in Lagos are embracing family planning and maternal mortality rates are dropping as a result.
At the media dissemination of the 4th round survey of the Performance, Monitoring and Accountability (PMA 2017) in Lagos, the co-Principal Investigator for the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 Nigeria, PMA2020, Dr. Funmilola Olaolorun, in the latest PMA2020 survey in Lagos, increase in the use of Long Acting Methods (LAMs) such as implants, was recorded even though there were more incidents of stockouts in private health facilities.
The survey, Round four, was conducted by the Centre for Research, Evaluation Resources and Development (CRERD) in partnership with Pathfinder International and Bayero University Kano (BUK), with support from the Federal Ministry of Health, National Population Commission, National Bureau of Statistics, Lagos State Ministry of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health (Johns Hopkins University).
Findings from the survey showed that the richest women in the state have more access to family planning services and commodities and are open to more choices.
Data from the National Demographic Health Survey 2013 reveals that the prevalence rate for contraceptive use in Nigeria is 15 per cent, despite the high rate of sexual activity and widespread awareness of the various contraceptive methods.
Already, the Federal government has committed to achieving the Family Planning 2020 target of 36 per cent CPR by year 2018, up from the 2016 figure of 16 per cent. The FP 2020 goal is designed to enable 120 million women and girls have informed choice and access to family planning information and a range of modern contraceptive methods.
According to UNICEF, Contraceptive prevalent, in Nigeria was 15.10 as of 2013. Its highest value over the past 31 years was 15.30 in 1999, while its lowest value was 6.00 in 1990.
Experts described contraceptive prevalence rate as the percentage of women practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for women ages 15-49 who are married or in union.
Contraceptive prevalence, modern methods which is the percentage of women aged 15-49) in Nigeria was 9.80 as of 2013. Its highest value over the past 23 years was 10.90 in 1994, while its lowest value was 3.50 in 1990.