Cardinal George Pell, Vatican’s economy minister, will make his first court appearance in Australia on Wednesday on charges of sex crimes.
Pell, on June 29 became the most senior Catholic to be charged with sex crimes before a Melbourne Magistrates’ Court.
He has vowed to fight the still-unspecified charges, calling them false and the result of a “relentlelss character assassination”.
The cardinal declined to respond to interview requests for this story.
Police have not released details of the charges, but the start of Pell’s court battle in Melbourne revisits a troubled past for Ballarat.
Ballarat, the former gold town of 100,000 people 120 km to the west where Pell grew up and cut his teeth as a priest in the 1970s and 1980s.
Before a 2013 state government inquiry into institutional abuse, Ballarat was best known to Australians as the site of the Eureka Stockade, a bloody 1854 uprising by goldminers against colonial authorities.
The government inquiry exposed shocking accounts of child abuse and allegations of a cover-up in the Ballarat diocese over many generations, sparking a more powerful federal Royal Commission that heard testimony from hundreds of people, including allegations against 17 priests in Ballarat alone.
At least five priests from the diocese have been jailed for abuse.
Supporters of the victims have tied hundreds of colourful ribbons to the fence outside the city’s main Catholic church, St Patrick’s.
Pell, 76, testified at both inquiries, mostly about his knowledge of the handling of complaints against the church when he was a young priest in the 1970s and 1980s.
He repeatedly denied direct knowledge of practices which, according to the testimony of others, involved moving suspect priests between parishes to avoid detection.
Neither inquiry heard complaints against Pell himself.
Victoria state police, which brought the charges against Pell on June 29, haven’t said where the charges originated and haven’t offered any detail other than that they were for multiple historic sex offences.
Police declined to comment on specific charges. The Royal Commission, which will deliver its final report to the government later this year, also declined to comment.
“The important thing is that the result of it will be truth and justice, no matter what the truth is,” said Reiny Strybosch, who has lived in Ballarat since 1956, on his way to Mass.
For Pell, like the city he grew up in, the charges are a reminder of the past.
His rise through the Australian clergy paused in 2002, a year after taking the country’s top Catholic role as Archbishop of Sydney, when he was accused of abusing two boys at a youth camp in the 1960s.
Pell strongly denied the accusation and took leave to fight it.
The church then ran a closed hearing in a Melbourne hotel room, overseen by a retired judge who found that the alleged victim seemed to be telling the truth but that there was insufficient evidence to substantiate the complaint.
The 2002 accuser has not spoken publicly since.
Pell went on to become the Vatican’s first economy minister in 2014 as Pope Francis sought to end financial scandals.