By Emmanuel Aziken, Political Editor
THE Mo Ibrahim International Index for Governance in Africa has placed Nigeria 36th out of 54 African countries in the measurement of overall governance, according to the index report released in London yesterday (Monday).

Nigeria scored 46.5 out of 100 points in the overall governance index that saw Cote d’ Ivoire, Togo and Zimbabwe being the three most improved in the governance rating of all 54 African countries surveyed.

Former president of Botswana, Sir President Ketumile Masire, a member of the board of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, told Vanguard following the release that the index showed some improvement in Africa, saying “Africa has done well, stabilised and made some improvements,” which he said could be built upon in the years to come.’’

National  security

Nigeria is one of ten countries that improved in all four sectors that were used for measurement, namely, Accountability,    Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.

Nigeria was, however, rated poorly in the national security sub-sector having declined by 28.6 points over a ten year period from 2006 to 2015.

Indeed, the index rated Nigeria with the second most deteriorated score in the sub-category.

President Masire, however, told Vanguard that there was much expectation for improvement for Nigeria under its current leadership.

“Considering what Nigeria is facing, the oil situation they have done fairly well, but they could have done better,” Masire the second president of Botswana and one of Africa’s most respected statesmen told Vanguard in a telephone interview from London.

On his expectations from Nigeria, he said:

“My expectation is that they have been sometime at the game, that they are going to do what can be done and we hope that oil price will increase and that the adjustment which should be done should be made.”

The 2016 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), launched by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, reveals that improvement in overall governance in Africa over the past ten years has been held back by a widespread deterioration in the category of Safety and Rule of Law.

A statement accompanying the release said: “The tenth edition of the IIAG, the most comprehensive analysis of African governance undertaken to date, brings together a decade of data to assess each of Africa’s 54 countries against 95 indicators drawn from 34 independent sources.

‘’This year, for the first time, the IIAG includes Public Attitude Survey data from Afrobarometer. This captures Africans’ own perceptions of governance, which provide fresh perspective on the results registered by other data such expert assessment and official data.

“Over the last decade, overall governance has improved by one score point at the continental average level, with 37 countries – home to 70% of African citizens – registering progress. This overall positive trend has been led mainly by improvement in Human Development and Participation & Human Rights. Sustainable Economic Opportunity also registered an improvement, but at a slower pace.

“However, these positive trends stand in contrast to a pronounced and concerning drop in Safety & Rule of Law, for which 33 out of the 54 African countries – home to almost two-thirds of the continent’s population – have experienced a decline since 2006, 15 of them quite substantially.”

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