By Chioma Obinna
As incidences of kidney related diseases continued to rise in the country, expert has linked the formation of the disease to untreated infectious, diabetes and hypertension, adding that early diagnosis and proper treatments of such conditions would prevent the disorder.
The expert further explained that drinking three or more litres of water every day will help prevent kidney stone.
The expert who spoke in Abuja during a five –day Boot camp organised by Apollo Hospitals, India in collaboration with the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, maintained that to prevent kidney failure, there is need for individuals to check the use of pain killers in an unregulated fashion.
In his lecture titled; “Current Practices in Prostate Diseases”, a Consultant Urologist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India, Dr. Narasimhan Subramanian, who described Urology as the branch of medicine which primarily deals with all urine, kidney and reproductive organs-related problems said there is need for early diagnosis and recognition of infections in the kidney as well as hypertension, diabetes and their associated conditions.
“When you address all these, you will certainly reduce the incidences of kidney related medical problems”. “In the case of kidney diseases, you are talking about four common conditions; kidney stones, infections in the kidneys, kidney failures and cancers of the kidneys.”
He explained that to reduce chances of stone formation, individuals need to drink a lot of water, at least, three or more litres of water every day. “Similarly, once you have formed the stone, there are different types of stones which may require different dietary restrictions and some of them may even require certain medications to reduce the formation of stones.
“The basic mechanisms by which stones are formed, there are salts that are present in the body and when the concentration of the salts becomes more in the kidney that is when stones are formed. So if you dilute these by forming more urine it gets washed off the system and reducing this stone formation,” he added.
On infections in the kidney, Subramanian said many of the urine infections do not necessarily affect the kidneys but if these infections are untreated or are associated with medical conditions which are not recognised, then they can affect the kidney. “Coming to the issue of kidney failure, what you would need is early diagnosis and recognition of infections in the kidney.”
Subramanian further explained that the boot camp which attracts Continuous Medical Education, CME, marks was to highlight segments of development in urology which would make patient care easier either in terms of diagnosing the condition early or introducing treatments which are less invasive with a view to reducing the pain and the duration of hospitalisation among others.
He stated that the new advances in terms of the blood tests and scans in the treatment of the condition have made diagnosis easier to understand and treat.