By Junior Pius Ekeh
In today’s world, Information Technology has brought about a revolution in the day-to-day lives of people. It is time that countries like Nigeria accept the fact that a pervasive national information infrastructure is as basic a necessity as water and power. So far, any country’s development status was based on finance, industry and military.
In the next century, Information Technology will add a new dimension to the development of a country. Without good and efficient Governance, the above sectors can not show progress. Here comes Information Technology to help administrators give good and efficient Governance. In this context, let us try to understand what E-governance is, and how Information Technology will help in E-governance.
E-Governance can be defined as “The Head of the State should be in a position to govern the state with the aid of his PC”. It can also be defined as “To establish connectivity between the Head of the State and the Citizens of the State and vice versa.”
The major Objectives of E_ Governance are:
*To have SMART Governance, which means: Simple, Moral,Accountable, Responsive, and,
*Virtually any citizen, with appropriate technology and facilities, can freely access public information and documents.
*Governance is conducted in a business like manner. This means High Productivity and Optimum use of the Resources, namely Time, Human resources, Physical resources, and, Financial resources.
The basic requirements of E_Governance are not limited to the following
*Establish Inter–Organizational Networks.
*Establish Video/Data Conference Network System.
*Upgrade Integrated Information Systems at all levels with regular periodicity.
*Build public support. Prioritize citizen services to get public, political and media support for e-governance
The first priority of the government is to build computer-communication networks, which establish connectivity across all the departments, all over the country.
Once the networks are established, Integrated Information Systems have to be implemented and they have to be updated religiously.
Some of the systems that could be implemented will include the following: Irrigation and Agriculture, Crop sowing, Supply of seeds and Fertilizers, Yield prediction, Soil testing and analysis, Condition / Construction of Canals, Weather Forecasting, Disease Monitoring & Control Measures
* Welfare Systems: Housing for poor, Public Distribution System, Family Welfare, Drinking Water, Primary Health Care, Birth & Death Registration, Employment Exchange
* Education: Syllabus for various levels, Statistics of Colleges and Schools, Students and Staff, Labs and Library Facilities, Distance Learning, Capacity & Distribution of Government-owned and private Institutions,
*. Infrastructure Projects: National Highways, Roads & Rail Networks, Air & Sea Ports, Bridges & Fly-overs, Pipelines, Project Status on Govt. Buildings.
* Hospitals, Patient history, Drugs & medicines inventory, House keeping , Staff management, Billing, Diseases & Symptoms Database
*. Human Capital: Employee & Skills Database, Resource planning, Hierarchy of personnel in various, Departments and Government Bodies., Information on all Administrative and Police Service personnel, Wage Structure, Skill Gap Analysis,
* Environment: Pollution checks and standards, Safety Standards, Forestry development, Green revolution, Sewage treatment monitoring, Waste Recycling,
* Relief and Rehabilitation: Cyclones and hurricanes, Famines – Floods and droughts, Road, Rail and Air accidents, Earth Quakes & Fire,
*. Land and Revenue: Revenue Collection, Land Records, Distribution of Land, Electronic, payment of Statutory Levies, Permissions, Usage Patterns,
Law and Order: Daily crime reports, Monthly crime statistics, Custodial statistics, Trends, Law Enforcement
* Economy: Budget, Receipts & Trends, Expenditure & Trends, Inflation Monitoring, GDP Estimation,
* Commercial Taxes, Targets, Collections, Percentage of achievements, Trends
*Power: Generation & Capacity, Usage patterns, Transmission Loss Monitoring, Power Plant Efficiency Monitoring, Maintenance Scheduling, Private Generation, Coal and Water reserves
* Government Owned Undertakings: Profit and Loss, Balance Sheet, Order Booking & ulfillment, Human Resource, Growth / Performance, Products & Services, Production Capacities
*. State Road Transport: Vehicle Inventory, Spare Parts Management, Vehicle Maintenance, Insurance, Ticketing Management, Depot Performance,