By Franklin Alli
ENERGY IndustriesÂ produce the vast bulk (33.7 percent) of pollution emissions in Nigeria, according to a report conducted by the Centre for Energy Research and Development(CERD) and Atmospheric Research and Information Analysis Laboratory(ARIAL), for the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCC).
Energy industries comprise Hydro and thermal power generation, including oil and gas production.
Team Leader for Green House Gases Emission, Dr. Sola Ajayi, who presented the report to stakeholders during the Second National Communication on jointly oragnised by the Special Climate Change Unit Federal Ministry of Environment and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and funded G.E.F, said studies conducted by the Group to ascertain the volume of green house gases emissions by various sectors of the economy to climate change in the country showed that Energy sectors is the major culprit in the country.
According to him, trend analysis on green house gases in Nigeria showed that Energy sector tops by 33.7 percent, Transport 6 per cent, stressing â€progress was being made in the collation of data on carbon emission from the Agricultures, solid minerals, waste, industrial and other sectors of the business community.
Dr. Yerima Tarfa, of the Special Climate Change Unit of the FME, in his submission, enjoined donors to give Nigeria more money to enable lead consultants and experts(35) working on the document to complete work.
â€œNigeria ought to have submitted its position on climate change since December 2009. 20 countries globallyÂ have submitted.Â Out of this figure, only five countries from Africa(Nigeria , not inclusive.) have done so.Â Donors gave us the same amount of money they give countries in Sub-Saharan African thatÂ are smaller in size and population.,â€ he said.
Participants however, expressed a growing sense of urgency over the mounting evidence that climate change is already affecting the lives of millions across the country .Â They cited for instance, extreme weather, which scientists regard as a sign of climate change has been especially dramatic in recent months.
Participants also lauded the use of local scientists for executing the projects.Vanguard gathered that out of 500 experts that applied for the project, only 35 were short-listed and were trained by a foreign consultant on guidelines to follow in looking at the facts and figures, and come up with proposals on how Nigeria can be safeguarded against the effect of climate change and as well prepare countryâ€™s position on the climate change .
All the consultants in their various presentations assured stakeholders that they will finish their field work in the next six weeks.