The recent attempt by a Nigerian youngster, Farouk Abdulmutallab, to bomb an American Delta airline on December 25, 2009 has no doubt brought Nigeria in confrontation with world power, USA. The commotion has even resulted in former American attachÃ© to USA embassy in Nigeria, Ambassador, Princeton Lyman telling Nigeria that it is fast becoming irrelevant in the world.
The showdown is a clear signal that Nigeria needs to redirect its foreign policy especially in the face of global politics, for it to remain relevant not only in Africa but in the whole world.
Therefore, the book: â€˜Globalisation challenges & Nigeria foreign policy; emerging issues in the formulation and conduct of Nigeria foreign policyâ€™ by a prolific author and scholar of international politics, Onyemaechi Eke, is coming at a strategic period when Nigeria by this year would be celebrating its golden jubilee of political independence from Britain.
The 440 pages is a scholarly research work for students of international studies and theÂ general reader. Eke, the author of many such books said he is dedicating the book to the Nigeria press for playing exceptional role of resilient watchdog and in theÂ reportage of international challenges to Nigeriaâ€™s citizen diplomacy; and the National Assembly of Nigeria for its responsive and prompt legislation and condemnation against bad treatments to Nigerians abroad, especially Nigeriaâ€™s peacekeepers in the Darfur region of Sudan.
Evidently, every foreign policy is a product of evolution and change. Nigeriaâ€™s foreign policy has also been facing challenges of adjustments since October1, 1960 when Nigeria gained political independence; this has even become more excruciating with the emergence of globalization.
Therefore, as Nigeria matures into 50 years of nationhood, it makes more sense for a critical appraisal of these yearsâ€™ efforts on how particularly, they have impacted on the making and conduct of Nigeria foreign policy in attaining the overall goals of nation-building, growth and development. That is precisely what Eke has done in this book.
The bookÂ examines the making and conduct of Nigerian foreign policy with special notes on the fundamental principles… objective, the strength and weakness and policy recommendations for effective channels and strategies in the pursuit and achievement of such objectives. The thrust of the book has become vital in the light of the challenges and charms presented by globalisation and its shifting focus in trends and interests in the new world of interdependence without specific frontiers; a world of specialization that underscores the centrality of sources of power as a condition for achieving specific national interests.
The book isÂ an eighteen-chapter volume, treating the conceptual framework of Nigeria foreign policy, the fundamentals: channels, strategies and reforms for the making and conduct of Nigerian foreign policy, Nigerian foreign policy in West Africa and Africa, especially in the formation of sub-regional and regional fulcrums and conflicts resolution..
Others include the dividends of Nigeriaâ€™s relationship with Britain, America, France and other Afro-Arab nations.The book also treats issues more on the challenges and gains of globalisation on Nigeriaâ€™s economic diplomacy, especially in the organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC; Integration; South-South cooperation and integration; food security and climate change, Nigeriaâ€™s contributions, challenges and expectations as a member of United Nations.
In the book, the author sees some of the world powers like Britain, America, the European Union and the Afro-Arab countries as Nigeriaâ€™s traditional allies and recommends several policy steps to re-establish healthy and friendly relations with these countries to deal with inherent challenges in Nigeriaâ€™s diplomatic practice.
He submits that healthy relationships with world powers would strengthen Nigeriaâ€™s economic diplomacy, her memberships of multilateral institutions and agencies, thereby strengthening Nigeriaâ€™s outreach and control over her resources and clout in seeking support for the permanent seat in the United Nations Security council.
The book also offers effective and rewarding in-put towards â€˜reformâ€™, â€˜re-brandingâ€™ and â€˜re-packagingâ€™ the countryâ€™s foreign policy processes for effective delivery. It attests strongly to how deep the author has been thinking and strategizing for a greater Nigeria with good people for achieving national objectives.
TITLE: Globalisation challenges & Nigeria Foreign policy
AUTHOR: Onyemaechi A. Eke
PUBLISHER: Willyrose & Appleseed Publishing Company
REVIEWER: Dennis Agbo