Now that we got the ‘all clear’ and we have been able to reasonably restrain the spread of the Ebola Virus Disease in Nigeria, we can take a more dispassionate look at the issue, its genesis and some ramifications.Read More →
The Anioma branding of a governor from Delta North has been severally criticized by commentators across Delta State. Now many people from Delta Central and South are beginning to see it as a quest to produce an Anioma governor for Delta State as opposed to a pan-Delta governor for Delta State, who happens to hail from Delta North.Read More →
Last week a powerful delegation of Igbo leaders made up of Secretary to the Federal Government, Chief Anyim Pius Anyim; Deputy Senate President, Ike Ekweremadu; Deputy Speaker of House of Representatives, Emeka Ihedioha; Senator Hope Uzodinma; Minister of Labour & Productivity, Emeka Wogu; National Publicity Secretary PDP, Mr Olisa Metuh; Mr Ifeanyi Ubah and former Governor Peter Obi stormed Dover Hotel at Lekki Phase 1 Lagos to woo Ndigbo Lagos for President Goodluck Jonathan’s 2015 presidential bid. At Dover Hotel, they met eminent and prominent Igbo leaders, namely President General Ohaneze Ndigbo, Chief Gary Enwo-Igariwey; President Ndigbo Lagos, Professor Anya. O. Anya; President Aka Ikenga, Chief Goddy Uwazurike; former Chairman Diamond Bank, Chief Pascal Dozie; former Governor of Lagos State, Rear Admiral Ndubuisi Kanu(rtd); former President of Nigerian Stock Exchange, Dr Raymond Obieri; Eze Ndigbo of Ikeja, Eze Uche Dimgba and President Ohaneze Ndigbo Lagos, Fabian Onwughalu and many other eminent Igbos in Lagos. Like I said their mission is to persuade Ndigbo in Lagos to join the train in the campaign to make President Jonathan to continue in office even after 2015. The meeting was well attended and this mission was clear: It is President Jonathan or nothing!Read More →
LACK of awareness about the locations of mineral resources in Nigeria makes the country almost exclusively dependent on oil today even though we established ourselves as an agricultural society many years ago.Read More →
FUTUREVIEW RESEARCH PRESENTS: EXPLORING THE RESOURCE CONTROL OPTION
Futureview Group, CEO, Mrs. Elizabeth Ebi announces a new Futureview Research initiative on Resource Control in Nigeria. Futureview will look to examine all 36 states in Nigeria and both tapped and untapped opportunities in their natural resource usage. Futureview is a leading investment bank in Nigeria.
On May 29, 2014, Nigeria celebrated 15 years of uninterrupted democratic rule. On October 1st, 2014, Nigeria also celebrated 54 years as an independent nation in West Africa. With this in hindsight, the issues that promote the sustainability of democracy and sustain the structures of national development need to be addressed.
In this article, we discuss one of the most sensitive issues that has impacted our fragile democracy in recent times, that is the resource control policy option and its place in national growth and development of our country.
The word “resource” can simply be interpreted to mean the wealth, supplies of goods, raw materials, minerals e.t.c, which a person or a country has or can use for development or production (Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, 1962: 838). The control and determination of natural resources, i.e the way and manner state authorities allocate and distribute government revenue among the various tiers or levels of its administration, is the broad understanding of resource control in our context.
Resource control has remained a contentious issue in Nigeria because of the widely held belief that the exercise of autonomy by the component states of the federation (states and local governments) regarding the provision of social and economic services for their people are largely dependent on the portion of the “national cake” allocated to them. In other words, the greater the portion of the total revenue allocated to both state and local governments, the greater the degree of independent decision making of these governments in carrying out various socio-economic tasks of growth and development in order to advance the general welfare of their citizenry.
The failure of the federal government to find a political solution to this problem has led to a very plausible demand for resource and self determination within the federation (Ikelegbe 2001). Over the years, the federal government has tried to address the problems occasioned by cries for resource control through administrative agencies such as OMPADEC (Oil Mineral Producing Areas development Commission) and NDDC (Niger Delta Development Commission). As a result of corruption and lack of commitment on the part of the government and multinational companies these efforts amounted to nothing (Frynas, 200; Akpan, 2004). Several other attempts made at reaching acceptable revenue sharing formulae have yielded little or no result. In the light of the above scenario, it has become important to take a critical look at the natural endowment of some select states of the federation to ascertain the often held belief that greater focus and development of local resources would reduce and eliminate the incidence of state and local government in the states relying on the center for survival.
There are about thirty-four (34) minerals that have been identified in the country, of which only 13 are being actually mined, processed and marketed. They are coal (which has an export potential of 15 million tonnes per annum valued at US$1billion) kaolin, baryte, limestone, dolomite, feldspar, glass sand, gemstones, gold, iron ore, lead-zinc, tin, other associated minerals and recently gypsum. The remaining twenty (21) minerals, though in demand are untapped.
The volumes of domestic trade deficit and foreign exchange losses resulting from this deficiency are colossal.
The availability of these minerals opens up opportunities in the following areas:
(a) Exports and use in domestic industries for generation of foreign exchange and internal revenue.
(b) Emergence of new industrial and downstream products.
(c) Increased employment of Nigerians, particularly in the rural areas where the minerals are found.
(d) Technology transfer and development.
(e) Development of infrastructure, especially in the rural areas (roads, hospitals, rail, schools and housing)
The multiplier benefits to the citizenry are enormous. In fact, the solid minerals sector can very easily be the largest employment sector of the economy, since deposits abound in virtually every State of the Federation. Prior to the creation of the new ministry of Solid Minerals Development, enquiries and demands were made for Nigerian solid minerals, especially coal. Since inception, orders to the tune of 15 million tonnes of coal have been received.
Natural resources distribution data made available on the website of the federal government (www.nigeria.gov.ng) reveal that Nigeria is richly endowed with a variety of Natural resources ranging from precious metals various stones to industrial such as Barites, Gypsum, Kaolin and Marble. Most of these are yet to be exploited and statistically, the level of exploitation of active mineral sites is very low in relation to the extent of deposit found in the country.
Ogun State, for instance located in South-West Nigeria and bordering the popular Lagos State is endowed with immense industrial minerals including minerals including limestone, gypsum, kaolin, feldspar phosphate in Egbado North and South and Sagamu; mica, glass sand, clay granite in Abeokuta North and Abeokuta South and Ado-Odo/Ota; tar sand, kaolin, clay and phosphate in Ikenne, Ijebu-East, Ijebu; North, Ijebu-Ode, Obafemi- Owode and Ogun Waterside LGAs. Forest, agricultural and mineral resources in the state provide the much needed local sources of raw materials for industries.
Cement manufacturing plants at Ewekoro and Sagamu were based on the available limestone and other components in the state. Glass sand, feldspar and clay available in the state would supply the required raw materials for glass, ceramics and pottery industries, while Kaolin is an important raw material for making Chalk, paint, Kaolin poltice and plaster of Paris (POP).
Efforts to increase the state’s GDP through the mining and minerals sector, however, have been severely hampered by factors including inadequate technology, non-transparency and ineffective regulations guiding activities in the sector. Perhaps, most damaging to that mission to reform the sector is the activity of illegal miners, who are often described as informal or artisanal miners. The challenge posed by activities of illegal miners has remained intractable in spite of the administration’s efforts to streamline their ‘operations’ by encouraging the formation of co-operatives.
In similar manner in different locations in the country could be found these “illegal miners” engaged in one form of mining activity or the other often in collaboration with ‘briefcase investors’ who act as middlemen between the ‘miners’ and the end buyers of the products. Poor regulation of activities by this category of miners – which number in hundreds of thousands- have effectively ensured that government’s stake in the exploitation of these natural resources is sidelined, and government revenue through taxation and royalties are denied.
It is about time government evolves an all embracing resource control and resource management policy that integrates the activities of these illegal miners in a consistent and well sustained effort to enhance government revenue and reap the benefits of the presence of these solid minerals in every state of the federation.
THE Nigerian will always be a Nigerian. When in other climes, people accept responsibility for their failure, the Nigerian will always find reasons and will be the last to accept his fault. It traverses every part of our being as a nation. Several applicants died as a result of the glaring incompetence of our ImmigrationRead More →
SINCE the entrance of Obaisi Ovie Omo-Agege into the race to Government House in May this year, political calculations have been altered and a new energy brought into Urhobo quest to return to Dennis Osadebey House in 2015. Until he declared his intention to succeed Governor Uduaghan, very few gave Delta Central any chance in the race for the gubernatorial ticket of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). But that has changed and it is looking very likely that Omo-Agege, whom the Urhobo have overlooked in the past in favour of another Urhobo son in the opposition, may well be the one who gets Urhobo out of its present political wilderness.Read More →
SOMETIME in 2005, a friend took ill at workplace in one of the federal parastatals in Lagos and had to visit the staff clinic. An experienced doctor after thoroughly examining him put his finger on the cause of his sickness by correctly diagnosing malaria.Read More →
AVAILABLE reports indicate that Nigeria has been successful in containing the Ebola virus disease following a serious threat from an infected Liberian-American that flew into Lagos airport from Liberia where the disease is rampant.Read More →
WHEN the All Progressives Congress, APC, was born in July 2013, it raised hopes that it would play the role of Nigeria’s major opposition party in the best tradition of a presidential democracy.Read More →
On October 16, 2014, Chief Femi Fani-Kayode, a former Minister of Aviation and PDP chieftain, celebrated his 54th birthday, coincidentally, with the inauguration of the governor of Ekiti State, Chief Ayodele Peter Fayose. For the love a friend like Fani-Kayode has for Fayose, he preferred to be in Ado Ekiti to felicitate with the new governor and defied the usual merry making, thanksgiving and prayers with friends, political associates and family members at his Abuja residence.Read More →
NIGERIA recently overtook South Africa to become the continent’s biggest economy, hosting the World Economic Forum in May 2014 and showcasing the potential of the country.Read More →
The major contenders for the 2015 governorship race in Lagos State from the two prominent parties – APC and PDP – are known to the politically astute among us. However, my take today is to stir the interest of the Lagos residents and all progressives in taking more than a passing glance at the candidature of Senator Ganiyu Olarewaju Solomon (GOS) of the APC.Read More →
THIS is not a critique of the Church in Nigeria, because, I belong to the church. I belong to the church now, tomorrow and forever.Read More →
THE amount of falsehood based on either ignorance or outright mischief peddled in the Nigerian public space by highly placed persons is alarming and sickening.Read More →
THE entire concept of Salvation is nothing but the experience of being “saved” from danger, loss, or harm. To “salvage” from imminent damage or destruction.Read More →
THE amount of falsehood based on either ignorance or outright mischief peddled in the Nigerian public space by highly placed persons is alarming and sickening. It is even worse when a top government functionary who is expected to know the facts goes public with information that is half-truth.Read More →
Barely five months to the 2015 general elections, and as most political parties and likely contestants are still ‘consulting’, a new unique phenomenon called the Transformation Ambassadors of Nigeria, TAN, has taken over the polity.Read More →
DEATH no doubt is an inestimable end which must come when it will come. If it comes to a beloved one, the grief of all those affected as a result of the death can best be imagined, especially when it becomes very obvious that never again can such a fellow be seen or heard.Read More →
These are strange times in Nigeria. Change is in the air and I do not just mean the transformation agenda of the present administration.Read More →
We have succeeded in establishing the fact that the foundation for corruption in this country was in the beginning, through the falsification of records and distortions in geographical mapping, coupled with rigged census and elections.Read More →
THE All Progressives Congress, APC, is at it again. The party does not fail to live to its billing in raking up unnecessary controversy all in an effort to play what it understands as “opposition politics.”Read More →
WOLE SOYINKA’S Madmen and Specialists is, at its heart, a satirical play featuring a perverted medical specialist whose lust for power during wartime leads him to imprison and torment his father, a well-regarded physician.Read More →
When the delegates to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) primaries gather in Asaba next month to elect the party’s flag bearer in next year’s Delta State gubernatorial election, the interest of President Goodluck Jonathan, whose name will not be on the ballot, more than anyone else, not even that of Governor Emmanuel Uduaghan and the aspirants, will determine who wins the party nomination.Read More →
AS the Nigerian President, Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, handed out about 306 awards at the 2014 National Honours Award Ceremony in Abuja recently, critical newspaper editorials and other comments have trailed the process of selection of recipients who are mainly Nigerians. Yet this year’s national honours award was significant in many respects.Read More →
THE University of Benin, alumni and key stakeholders around the world are shocked over untoward and negative news about their institution and have all recoiled with disgust at the recent tyrannical and atavistic tendencies of the out-going Vice-Chancellor of the university, Professor Oshodi, who it is reported, recently took his personal feelings beyond administrative and academic ambits, with the assistance of the University Registrar Mrs Ogboghodo, carried out what could be described as administrative mob-lynching of an academic and administrative icon of the university, Professor Andrew G. Onokerhoraye.Read More →
Recently, the Minister of Federal Capital Territory Administration, FCTA, Senator Bala Mohammed, re-organised the Abuja Environmental Protection Board, AEPB, the territory’s agency vested with the responsibility of ensuring a clean environment in the nation’s capital city.Read More →
Tecla, a young Zimbabwean girl, was sold for a few cows by her father to help alleviate the family’s poverty. She was raped by her husband, became pregnant and contracted HIV. Her baby died soon after birth. Tecla was only 12 years old.Read More →
Now that the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has released its timetable and the primaries for governorship set for November 29, pundits are scrutinising the aspirants.Read More →
The incorporation of a commercial security outfit – the Izon-Ibe Security Company Limited- by the Bayelsa State government has, understandably, attracted a lot of positive comments from various quarters. Without doubt, it demonstrated the commitment of the Governor Henry Seriake Dickson administration to tackling the problems confronting the state head-long.Read More →
I WAS not surprised when on Thursday, October 2, this year, Omo N’ Oba N’ Edo Uku Akpolokpolo, Erediauwa, Oba of Benin, adorned an illustrious son of Benin, Captain Idahosa Wells Okunbo, JP, with the “Traditional Beads” for being a worthy son of the ancient Kingdom.Read More →
NIGERIA at 54 as a nation, has survived many challenges, including religious ,and ethnic violence that led to three years civil war, from 1966 to 1970.Nigeria has fared reasonably well, some will say; after all, today, we have mobile phones with communications technology growing and spreading very fast; we have more roads, many villages have become state capitals with dual carriage ways, more exotic cars on our roads, many private jet owners.Read More →