Breaking News
Translate

National Grazing Route and  Reserve Bill 2015

SPONSOR

HON. KARIMI S. SUNDAY

NATIONAL GRAZING ROUTES AND RESERVE (ESTABLISHMENT) BILL 2015

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTIONS

PART 1

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL GRAZING ROUTE AND RESERVE COMMISSION

1.Establishment of the Commission

2.Composition of the Commission

3.Tenure of Members of the Commission

4.Director-General of the Commission

5.Pensionable Service of the Commission

6.Fund of the Commission

7.Application of the Fund the Commission

8.Duty of the Commission to keep Account and Prepare Budget

9.Duty of the Commission to file Records to file record of its activities

10.Regulations of the Commission.

PART II

11.General Functions of the Commission

PART III

12.Unauthorized Entry into the Grazing Areas

13.Prohibition of Dealings in land designated as Grazing Areas

14.Obligation of the Commission to timeously utilise the Grazing Areas

15.Power of the Commission over Waterways and right of ways within the Grazing Areas.

PART IV

  1. Commission to express its desire to establish Grazing Areas

17.Commission to undertake an analysis of Land Use in each State

  1. Commission to liaise with State Governments in Obtaining the Grazing Areas
  2. Obligation of State Governors to co-operate with the Commission
  3. Duty of the Commission to set the limit of the Grazing Routes

21.Commission to pay compensation

22.Notices

23.Notice to neighbouring Communities

Publication of Grazing Area in Official Gazette.

25.Comprehensive and detailed description of the Grazing Areas

26.Eligibility to enter Grazing Areas

27.Duty of the Commission to provide basic infrastructure in Grazing Areas

28.Illegality of non-Nigerians to enter into Grazing Areas without Permit

29.Illegality to enter Grazing Areas and Routes without Permit

30.Conditions for entry of foreigners

31.Powers of the Commission to prescribe fees and permits within the Grazing Areas

32.Incidental powers of the Commission under the Act

33.Powers of the Commission to make Regulations under the Act

  1. Interpretation

35.Citation.

A BILL FOR AN ACT TO ESTABLISH   THE NATIONAL GRAZING ROUTE AND RESERVE COMMISSION,TO ESTABLISH,MANAGE AND CONTROL GRAZING ROUTES AND RESERVES IN ALL PARTS OF THE NIGERIA AND   FOR OTHER INCIDENTAL MATTERS THERETO.

SPONSOR: HON KARIM S. SUNDAY

COMMENCEMENT

BE IT ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as follows:

PART I

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL GRAZING ROUTES AND RESERVE COMMISSION

  1. (1)         there is hereby established under this Act, a body to be known as the   NATIONAL GRAZING ROUTE AND RESERVE COMMISSION  (in this Act referred to as “the Commission”)

(2) The Commission shall be-

(a)A body Corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal;

(b)Capable of suing and being sued in its corporate name; and

(c)Capable of acquiring, holding or disposing of any property, movable or immovable, for the purpose of carrying out its business functions.

(1)The Headquarters of the Commission shall be situated in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, and there shall be established an office of the Commission in each State of the Federation.

(2)The Governor of each State shall make provision for the office of the Commission in the Ministry of Agriculture or Ministry of Lands of each State.

2.The Commission shall consist of the following members, that is-

(a)A Chairman who shall be appointed by the President on Recommendation of the Minister, being a person who by reason of his ability and experience or specialized knowledge on land   and agricultural matters and   whose professional attainment is in the opinion of the President is capable of making outstanding contribution to the Commission.

(b)  One Representative each from all the thirty six (36) States of the Federation and one (1) from the Federal Capital Territory.

(c)Each of the Representatives referred to in (b) above shall be

(i)Legal Practitioners;

(ii)Land surveyors; or

(iii)Other persons knowledgeable in land matters.

(d)One Representative from the National Boundaries Commission.

(e) One representative from theBorder Committee Development Agency.

(f)The Chairman of the Commission referred to in (a) above, shall be appointed from one of the representatives from each State as stated in (b) above.

3.1)           Subject to the provisions of subsection 2 of this Section, a person appointed as a member of this Commission shall hold office for four (4) years and shall be eligible for re-appointment for a further term of four (4) years.

(2)The Minister may, with the Approval of the President, at any time remove any member of the Commission from the office, if the Minister is of the opinion that it is not in the interest of the Commission for the member to continue in office and shall notify the member of the Commission in writing to that effect.

(3) Members of the Commission except for the Director-General shall be part-time members.

4.(1)there shall be appointed by the Commission, a Director General who shall be a qualified Legal practitioner of at least ten (10) years post qualification experience or a Land Surveyor who has been licensed to practice as a land surveyor for at least ten (10) years or a other persons who by their qualification and experience are experienced in land and agricultural matters.

(2) the Director General shall be the Chief Executive of the Commission and shall hold office on such terms and conditions as may be specified in his term of appointment and on such other terms and conditions that may be determined, from time to time, by the Commission with the approval of the Federal Executive Council.

(3) the Director General shall be   the accounting officer for the purpose of controlling and disbursing the funds of the Commission.

5.Service in the Commission shall be approved service for the purpose of the Pensions Act and accordingly, officers and other persons employed   in the Commission shall in respect of their service in the commission be entitled to pensions, gratuities and other retirement benefits enjoyed by persons holding equivalent grades in the public service of the Federation, note however that nothing in this Act shall prevent the appointment of a persons to any office on terms which preclude the grant of a pension and gratuity in respect of that office.

6.The Commission shall establish a fund which shall consist of such sum as may be allocated to it by the Federal Government of Nigeria and such other funds as may accrue to it in the discharge of his functions.

  1. *Cattle
    *Cattle

    The Commission may, from time to time, apply the proceeds of the fund established in pursuance of section 12 of this Act-

(a)to the cost of administration of the Commission;

(b)  for re-imbursing members of the Commission or any Committee set up by the Commission for such expenses as may be authorized   or approved by the Commission, in accordance with the rate approved in that behalf by the President.

(c)    to the payment of salaries, fees or other remuneration or allowances, pensions and gratuities payable to the employees of the Commissions;

(d)for the maintenance of property acquired or vested in the Commission; and

(e)    for, and in connection with, all or any of the functions of the Commission under the Act.

  1. (1)          The Commission shall keep accounts and proper records in relation thereto and shall prepare in respect of each year a Statement of Account in such form as the Federal Executive Council may direct.

(2)the accounts of the Commission shall be audited not later that six (6) months after the end of the year by auditors appointed by the Commission from the list and in accordance with the guidelines submitted by the Auditor-General of the Federation; and the fees of the Auditors and the expenses of the audit generally shall be paid from the funds of the Commission.

(3)the Commission shall caused to be prepared, not later than 30th  September in each year, an estimate of its expenditure and income during the next succeeding year and when prepared shall be submitted through the Minister for approval by the Federal Executive Council.

  1.       The Commission shall, not later than 30th  June in each year, submit to the Federal Executive Council, a report on the activities of the Commission during the year immediately preceding, and shall include in such report, the audited accounts of the Commission.

10.The Commission may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out its functions as stated under this Act.

FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION

  1.      The Commission shall make Regulations for all or any of the following matters in respect of the Government Grazing Routes and Reserves:

(establish Cattle Routes, Farm Camp and Grazing Reserves in different parts of the Country and   in consonance with this Act.

(b)manage, control and maintain the Cattle Routes and   Grazing Reserves and Farm Camps in consonance with this Act.

(c)prescribe the persons who may use the Grazing Reserve and the number and type of stocks that may be permitted therein.

(d)prescribe the parts of the Grazing Reserve   and Route which may be used and the times when they may be used.

(e)Providing for the issue of grazing permits to persons using the Grazing Routes and Reserves and prescribe the fees payable for usage of such Grazing Routes and Reserves.

(f)Regulating the right generally of the Grazing Reserve and prescribing the activities which may be carried therein.

(g)regulating the conditions of entry into the grazing routes and reserves.

(h)Imposing penalties for breach of any of its regulations under this section.

(i)prosecute anybody or group of persons that breaches any provision of this Act or any of its regulations made in pursuance of this Section.

(j)demarcate or make known in any manner it think best, the boundaries of the Grazing Route and Reserve.

(k)fostering peace in the Grazing Routes and Reserves.

(K)improving land use and land management.

11(2)   Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection(1) of this Section, the Commission’s central objective is to encourage Ranching as an alternative to Grazing Livestock as such the Grazing Areas shall crystallize or may be used as ranches as the Nigeria develops.

PART III

THE  GRAZING ROUTES AND RESERVES

  1. No person, other than a Government Officer on duty shall enter any Grazing Route or Reserve unless he is authorised to do so by this Law or regulations hereunder.

13.No person shall alienate any right affecting land included in the Government Grazing Route and Reserve, which has been established in accordance with this Act, by Sale, Transfer, Mortgage without the consent of the Commission first had and obtained.

14.if any right within a government grazing route or reserve is not exercised for a period of ten (10) years, it shall be deemed to have been extinguished.

15.where a land has been marked a Government Grazing Route or Reserve, the Commission may subject to the consent of the Minister, close any right of way or watercourse where he is of the opinion that there   already exists an equally convenient right of way or watercourse.

PART IV

PROCEDURE FOR ACQUIRING THE GRAZING ROUTES AND RESERVES

  1. The Commission shall approach the Governors of all the thirty (36) six    States and the Minister of the FCT, and express its desire to establish a Grazing Route and Reserve in accordance with this Act.

17.The Commission shall undertake a physical/geographical analysis of the land use in each of the States in order to ascertain the best and most appropriate place to locate the Federal Government Reserve and Route within the said State.

  1. The Commission shall after having undertaken the analysis of the Grazing Reserves and Routes, approach each State Governor, with the co-operation of the member of the Commission from that State to negotiate with the Governor to transfer the land to the Commission for the purpose of Grazing Routes and Reserve.
  2. The Governors in each State shall co-operate with the Commission in the furtherance of its objectives under this Act.
  3. Whenever land has been transferred by the Governor to the Commission for use as Grazing Routes and Reserve, the Governor in each State shall make an order that shall set forth:

(a).the limits of the land which constitute the Reserve.

(b)that the land has been transferred to the Commission for the purpose of Grazing Route and Reserves

(c).that all interest in the land constituted as Grazing Routes and Reserve is subject to the interest of the Commission for the purposes of

Grazing Routes and Reserve.

21.Wherever any land has been transferred to the Commission by the Governor, the Commission shall pay the compensation necessary to the persons, communities whose interest in the land has been affected by such transfer.

  1. Once the Governor of each of the State or any of the States agree to reserve or transfer any land to the Commission for the purpose of Grazing Routes or Reserves, a Notice shall be published in the Nigerian Official Gazette           specifying as clearly as possible the situation and the limits of the land.

23.The Commission shall cause the particulars of the land reserved as Grazing Route and Reserve in each State to be made known in the Communities in which the Land is situated by causing a Notice thereof to be read and interpreted in the local vernacular language of the community and also cause a Notice in writing to the communities or persons residing or claiming interest on such lands.

24.The commission shall publish a Notice in the Nigerian official Gazette specifying the land which is been reserved, the privileges conceded in respect of such land and stating the special conditions intended to govern the reservation thereof.

25.The Commission shall make a comprehensive list and description of all lands that has been reserved as Federal Government Grazing Routes and Reserve in all the States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory.

26.The Commission shall from time to time, determine the eligibility of persons who shall be allowed to enter the Grazing Routes and Reserves.

27.The Commission shall provide the necessary infrastructure for decent livelihood in the Grazing Routes and Reserves.

28.It shall be unlawful for any non-Nigerian to enter the Grazing Routes and Reserves unless expressly authorized by the Commission.

29.It shall be unlawful for any pastoralist to graze livestock outside the Routes and Reserves, except where expressly authorized by the Commission and such authorization shall be as a result of exceptional circumstances.

  1. The Commission shall set forth expressly, the conditions for allowing foreigners/non-Nigerians access into the Grazing Routes and Reserves.

31.The Commission shall set forth the fees and permits payable for persons who shall be allowed in the Grazing Routes and Reserves.

32.The Commission shall do all that is incidental to the furtherance of its object as stated in this Act.

33.The Commission shall from time to time make regulations necessary for the furtherance of its duties under this Act.

34.in this Bill: ‘’Grazing Areas’’  includes areas which have been designated as Grazing Routes and Reserves for animals under this Act.

‘’Grazing Reserve” shall mean farm camps, grazing areas, farm settlement established by the Commission for the furtherance of the mandate of the Commission under this Act. ‘exceptional circumstances’ means cogent and exceptional circumstances which will warrant the Commission to allow Pastoralist to carry cattle outside the designated grazing routes and not for grazing purposes.

35.This Act may be cited as the ‘the National Grazing Routes and Reserve Bill 2015 ’

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

Dogara-HouseThe essence of this Bill is establish a National Grazing Routes and Reserve Bill which shall acquire lands in all the thirty-six (36) States of the Federation for the purpose of Grazing and Ranching. This is to curb incessant conflicts between normadic Herdsmen and Livestock Farmers and Settlers in Nigeria. The central objective is to foster national cohesion and reduce/ eliminate intra-State conflicts.

NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVE (ESTABLISHMENT) BILL 2016

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTIONS PART I

  1. ESTABLISHMENT AND OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVE COMMISSION
  2. MEMBERSHIP AND COMPOSITION OF THE COMMISSION
  3. TENURE OF MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
  4. DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE COMMISSION
  5. PENSIONABLE SERVICE OF THE COMMISSION
  6. FUNDS OF THE COMMISSION
  7. APPLICATION OF THE FUND OF THE COMMISSION
  8. DUTY OF THE COMISSION TO KEEP ACCOUNTS AND PREPARE BUDGETS
  9. DUTY OF THE COMMISSION TO FILE RECORDS OF ITS ACTIVICTIES
  10.   REGULATIONS OF THE COMMISSION

PART II

11.GENERAL FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION

PART III

  1. UNAUTHORIZED ENTRY INTO GRAZING RESERVES
  2. PROHIBITION OF DEALINGS IN LAND DESIGNATED AND EARMARKED AS GRAZING RESERVES
  3. OBLIGATION OF THE COMMISSION TO PUT THE GRAZING RESERVES TO USE EXPEDITOUSLY
  4. POWER OF THE COMMISSION OVER WATERWAYS AND RIGHT OF WAYS WITHIN THE GRAZING RESERVES

PART IV

  1. COMMISSION TO EXPRESS DESIRE TO ESTABLISH GRAZING RESERVES
  2. COMMISSION TO ANALYLZE LAND TO BE USED AS GRAZING RESERVES IN EACH GEO-POLITICAL ZONE OR STATE
  3. COMMISSION TO LIAZE WITH THE STATE GOVERNORS IN OBTAINING THE GRAZING RESERVES
  4. OBLIGATION OF THE STATE GOVERNORS TO CO-OPERATE WITH THE COMMISSION
  5. DUTY OF THE COMMISSION TO SET THE LIMITS OF THE GRAZING RESERVES
  6. COMMISSION TO PAY COMPENSATION
  7. NOTICES
  8. NOTICE TO NEIGBOURING COMMUINITIES
  9. PUBLICATION OF GRAZING RESERVES IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE
  10. COMPREHENSIVE AND DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE GRAZING AREAS
  11. ELIGIBILITY TO ENTER GRAZING RESERVES
  12. DUTY OF THE COMMISSION TO PROVIDE BASIC AMENITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE GRAZING RESERVES
  13. ILLEGALITY FOR NON-NIGERIANS TO ENTER INTO GRAZING RESERVES WITHOUT PERMIT
  14. ILLEGALITY TO ENTER GRAZING RESERVES WITHOUT PERMITS
  15. CONDITIONS FOR ENTRY OF FOREIGNERS
  16. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION TO PRESCRIBE FEES AND PERMITS WITHIN THE GRAZING RESERVES
  17. INCIDENTAL POWERS OF THE COMMISSION UNDER THE ACT
  18. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION TO MAKE REGULATIONS UNDER THE ACT
  19. INTERPRETATION
  20. CITIATION

A BILL FOR AN ACT TO ESTABLISH GRAZING RESERVE IN EACH OF THE STATES OF THE FEDERATION NIGERIA TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURE YIELD FROM LIVESTOCK FARMING AND CURB INCESSANT CONFLICTS BETWEEN CATTLE FARMERS AND CROP FARMERS IN NIGERIA.

Sponsored by Hon. Sadiq Ibrahim

ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as follows:

PART I

  1.  ESTABLISHMENT AND OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVE COMMISSION

(1)  There is hereby established the National Grazing Reserve Bill (in this Bill referred to as ‘’the Commission”) which shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal.

(2)  The Commission shall be able to sue and be sued in its corporate name and shall have the power to hold movable and immovable property for the purposes of carrying out its objectives under this Bill.

(3)  The Headquarters of the Commission shall be in the Federal Capital Territory Abuja, and shall have one regional office in each of the geo-political zones where the Grazing Reserves are situate.

(4)  The objectives of this Commissionare as follows:

(a)  Increase and Optimize Cattle and Diary Production in Nigeria;

(b)  Ensure Peace and Security in Nigeria by preventing clashes and violence between the Cattle Farmers and Crop Farmers;

(c)  Discourage Trans-humans and encourage and enforce Ranching and Restricted Grazing in Nigeria;

MEMBERSHIP   AND COMPOSITION OF THE NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVE COMMISSION

(1)       The Commission shall consist of the following Members to be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the State Governors, Minister of Agriculture as the case may be:

(a)       A Chairman who shall be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Minister of Agriculture, being a person who by reason of his ability and experience or specialized knowledge on land and agricultural matters and whose professional attainment is in the opinion of the President is capable and shoes professional attainment in the opinion of the President is capable of making outstanding contribution to the Commission.

(b)     A representative each of the Land Use Allocation Committee of each State, who shall be the representative of the State in the Commission;

(c)A member of the Land Use Allocation Committee of the Federal Capital Territory Abuja;

(d)A Member of the National Boundary Commission;

(e)A representative of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture who shall not be below the rank of a Director and who shall be appointed by the Minister of Agriculture;

(f) One Representative from the Border Committee Development Agency;

(g)       each of the Representative referred to in (b) and(c) above shall be persons either Legal Practitioners, Land Surveyors or other persons knowledgeable in land matters;

(h)     the chairman of the Commission shall be appointed from amongst the Members referred to above.

  1.             TENURE OF MEMBERSHIP

(1)  A person appointed as a Member of the Commission shall hold office for a term of four (4) years and may be re-appointed for another term of four (4) years.

(2) The Minister for Agriculture may, with the approval of the President, at any time remove any member of the Commission from the office, if the Minister is of the opinion that it is not in the interest of the Commission for the Member to continue in office and shall notify the Member of the Commission in writing to that effect.

(3)    All the Members of the Commission except the Director General shall be part-time members of the Commission.

DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE COMMISSION

(1)       There shall be appointed by the Commission a Director General who shall be a qualified Legal Practitioner of at least ten(10) years post-qualification experience or a Licensed Land Surveyor who is licensed to practice in Nigeria for at least ten(10) years or any other person who by their qualification and experience are knowledgeable in land and agricultural matters.

(2)       The Director General shall be the Chief Executive of the Commission and shall hold office on such terms and conditions as may be specified in his term and condition as may be specified in his term of appointment and on such other terms and conditions that may be determined from time to time, by the Commission with the approval of the Federal Executive Council.

(3)       The Director General shall be the Accounting Officer of the Commission for the purpose of disbursing and controlling the Funds of the Commission.

  1.             PENSIONABLE SETVICE OF THE COMMISSION

(1)       Service in the Commission shall be the approved Service for the purpose of the pensions Act, accordingly , officers and other persons employed in the Commission shall in respect of their service in the commission be entitled to pensions, gratuities and other retirement benefits enjoyed by persons holding equivalent grades in public service of the Federation, Provided that nothing in this Bill shall prevent the appointment of a person to any office on terms which preclude the grant of a pension and gratuity in respect of that office.

FUNDS OF THE COMMISSION

(1)  The Commission shall be funded from the Annual Appropriation Act passed by the National Assembly.

(2)   The Commission shall also be funded from revenues and charges accruing to it in the discharge of its functions.

APPLICATION OF THE FUND OF THE COMMISSION

The Funds of the Commission shall be utilized for:

(1)  The administration of the Commission

(2) For the payment of salaries, fees or other renumerations or allowances pensions and gratuities payable to the employees of the Commission;

(3)  For the maintenance of property acquired or vested in the Commission; and

(4)  For the furtherance of the objectives of the Commission as stipulated in this Bill.

DUTY OF THE COMISSION TO KEEP ACCOUNTS AND PREPARE BUDGETS

(1)  The Commission is duty bound to keep proper accounts and records of its revenues and expenditure and other undertakings and shall prepare in respect of each year a Statement of Account in such form as the Federal Executive Council may direct.

(2)  The Accounts of the Commission shall be audited not later than six(6) months   after the end of the year by auditors appointed by the Commission   from the list and in accordance with the guidelines submitted by the Auditor-General of the Federation; the

(3)  The fees of the auditors referred to in subsection (2) above shall be borne by the Commission;

9.  DUTY OF THE COMMISSION TO KEEP ACCOUNT AND PREPARE BUDGET

The Commission shall cause to be prepared, not later than 30th  September in each year, an estimate of its expenditure and income during the next financial year and when prepared the same shall be submitted through the Director-General for the approval of the National Assembly.

DUTY OF THE COMMISSION TO FILE RECORDS OF ITS ACTIVICTIES

The Commission shall, not later than 30th  June in each year, submit to the Federal Executive Council, a report on the activities of the Commission during the year immediately preceding, and shall include in such report, the audited accounts of the Commission.

REGULATIONS OF THE COMMISSION

The Commission may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out its functions under this Act.

PART II

GENERAL FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION

  1.   The Commission is hereby empowered to undertake and make Regulations for all or any of the following matters in respect of Government Grazing Reserves:

(1)       Establish at least one Cattle Reserve in each State of the Federation;

(2)       Manage, Control and maintain the Cattle Reserves in consonance with the mandate of the Commission and the objectives of this Bill;

(3)       Prescribe the persons who may be licensed to use the Grazing Reserve and determine the type and number of stock permitted therein;

(4)       Prescribe the manner in which the Grazing Reserves may be put to use;

(5)       Fix charges for the Grazing Reserves;

(6)       Maintain and Ensure   in co-operation with the Nigerian Police the Security of Lives and Property within the Reserve;

(7)       Provide for and issue grazing permits to persons grazing within the reserves;

(8)       Develop infrastructure and basic amenities, such as Clinics, schools e.t.c within the Reserves;

(9)       Demarcate, publish in official gazette and make known in the manner it thinks best the land boundaries of the Grazing Reserves;

(10)Fostering peace and unity within the Reserves;

(11)Improve land use and management

(12)Impose penalties for breach of its regulations under this Section

(13)Prosecute persons who graze outside the Grazing Reserves and other offenders of the Regulations of this Commission.

PART III      THE GRAZING RESERVES

  1.   No person other than the official of the Grazing Reserve or a Security Personnel on duty shall enter the Grazing Routes unless he is authorized to do so by law or the Regulations hereunder.
  2.   No person shall alienate or deal in any manner (either by sale or mortgage) with any land situate or included as a Government Grazing Reserve.
  3.   Grazing Reserves are the property of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and can only alienated with the Consent of the President for other overriding public interest.
  4.   If any right within a Government Reserves is not exercised within a period of ten (10) years, it shall be deemed to be extinguished.
  5.   Where a Land has been marked a Government Grazing Reserve, the Commission may subject to the consent of the Minister, close any right of way or watercourse where he is of the opinion that there already exists an equally convenient right of way or watercourse.

PART IV     PROCEDURE FOR ACQUISITION OF LAND FOR GRAZING RESERVES

EMPOWERMENT TO ACQUIRE LAND FOR GRAZING RESERVES

The Commission is hereby empowered to acquire land in any part of the Federation for establishing Grazing Reserves.

COMMISSION TO LIASE WITH STATE GOVERNORS IN OBTAINING LAND FOR GRAZING

The Commission shall liaise with the Governor (or Minister of F.C.T. in the case of land in the Federal Capital Territory) of the State in acquiring land for the purpose of Grazing in the State concerned and shall demarcate and designate the acquired land as Grazing Reserves in furtherance of the objectives of the Commission as set out in this Bill.

ANALYSIS OF SUITABLE LAND

(1)       The Commission shall undertake a physical and geographical analysis of land use in each State in order to ascertain the best and most appropriate place to establish a National Grazing Reserve within the State.

(2)       After the Commission identifies land suitable for Grazing Reserve, it shall liaise with the Governor or Governors of the State where the land is situate to acquire such land for Grazing Purposes.

COMMISSION TO COMPENSATE FOR LAND ACQUISITION

Wherever the Commission acquires Land for Grazing as stipulated above, the Commission shall pay adequate compensation to the original owners of the land in consonance with the Land Use Act 1978 or Land Legislation for the time being in force.

PROCLAMATION BY GOVERNORS

Whenever the Land is transferred by the Governor to the Commission for the furtherance of the objectives of this Bill, the Governor of the said State(s) shall make an order that shall set forth:

(1)       The limits of the Land that constitute the Reserves

(2)       The land that has been transferred to the Commission for the purpose of the Reserves

(3)       That all interest that hitherto existed in the land is now subject to the interest of the Commission for establishment and maintenance of National Cattle Reserves.

  1.     PUBLICATION IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE

Any land transferred to the Commission for National Grazing Reserves shall be published in the Federal Gazette and such specification shall specify as clearly as possible the limits of such Grazing Reserve, the privileges conceded in respect of the land and the special conditions that shall govern the Reserved Land.

  1.     NOTICES

The Commission shall make a comprehensive list and description of all lands that has been reserved as National Cattle Reserves in any part of the Federation.

  1.     NOTICE TO NEIGBOURING AND ADJOURNING COMMUNITIES

The Commission shall cause the particulars of the land reserved as Grazing Reserves in each State to be known in the communities in which the land is situated or other neighboring communities by causing a Notice thereof to be read and interpreted in the local vernacular language of the Community and also cause a Notice in writing to the Communities or persons residing or claiming interest on such lands.

  1.     ALIENATION OF NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVES

The Commission shall not without the consent of the President for superior overriding interest, alienate any Land in the Grazing Reserve in any manner whatsoever.

  1.     INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE RESERVES

The Commission shall establish and maintain basic infrastructure and social amenities such as hospitals, Primary and Secondary Schools, within the Grazing Reserves for the benefit of the inhabitants of the Reserve.

  1.     PERMITS AND LISCENCES

The Commission shall issue permits and licenses to the occupants or inhabitants of the Reserve.

  1.     ELIGIBILITY OF PERSONS THAT MAY GRAZE WITHIN THE RESERVES

The Commission shall from time to time determine the eligibility of the persons who shall be allowed to enter the Grazing Reserves.

  1.     ILLEGAILITY FOR NON-NIGERIANS TO GRAZE WITHIN THE RESERVES WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION

As from the commencement of this Bill, it shall be unlawful for any non-Nigerian or foreigner to enter into the Grazing Reserve for the purpose of Grazing Animals unless he has met the terms and conditions that the Commission may from time to time set for foreigners to have access to the Reserves.

ESTABLISHMENT OF ONE GRAZING RESERVE IN ONE GEO-POLITICAL ZONE

As from the date of the commencement of this Bill, the Commission shall establish one Grazing Reserve each in each of the geopolitical Zones.

  1.     INCIDENTAL POWERS OF THE COMMISSION

The Commission shall do all that is incidental to the furtherance of its objectives under this Bill.

  1.     POWERS OF THE COMMISSION TO MAKE REGULATIONS

The Commission shall from time to time make regulations necessary for the furtherance of its duties under this Bill.

PART IV

PENAL PROVISIONS

(1) As from the date of commencement of this Bill, it is a criminal offence for any herdsman or anybody to graze in any part of Nigeria outside the National Grazing Reserves or in any public place or land belonging to third parties.

(2) Nothing in this Bill shall preclude any herdsman or a cattle farmer to graze on his own farmland, in so far as it does not encroach into the land of another.

(3) Nothing in this Bill shall preclude Corporate Entities or Private individuals from lawfully acquiring land for Cattle Rearing, Ranching or Grazing.

(4) Whoever contravenes the provisions of this Subsection (1) of this Section, shall be liable upon conviction of a maximum imprisonment of seven(7) years.

INTERPRETATION

In this Bill:

‘’GRAZING RESERVES”  means Cattle Reserves, Farm Camps, Cattle Farms, Ranch established by this Commission to improve agriculture yield(livestock and dairy), eradicate trans-humans and clashes between herdsmen and crop farmers.

CITATION

This Bill may be cited as the  NATIONAL GRAZING RESERVE (ESTABLISHMENT) BILL 2016.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

The essence of this Bill is to establish a Grazing Reserve in each of the States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to improve agriculture yield from livestock farming and curb incessant conflicts between cattle farmers and crop farmers in Nigeria.

CATTLE RANCHING Bill, 2015.

A BILL

FOR

An Act To Create A Department Of Cattle Ranches Under the Federal Ministry Of Agriculture Or Any Such Ministry Overseeing The Production And Rearing Of livestock Including Cattle And For Other Matters Related Thereto, 2015

Sponsored by Hon. Dickson Tarkighir

[                       ]

BE IT ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as follows:

  1. Objectives of the bill:

(a) Enhance the production of high breeds of cattle to compete in the export market with a view to improving on the country’s balance of trade;

(b)   To ensure greater productivity and profitability in the cattle business;

(c) To create a more robust beef industry that meets the highest health standards and diary needs locally and internationally;

(d) To cope with the rising cattle density in a more scientific and efficient manner;

(e) To embrace the modernized techniques in production and rearing of cattle;

(f) To prevent clashes between herders and farmers;

(g) To open up job and investment opportunities associated with cattle farming as well as expand the value chain;

(h) To regulate and support the growth of cattle farming for industrial needs as well as manage the environmental impact of cattle rearing;

(i) To prevent, control and manage the spread of diseases as well as ease the implementation of policies that enhance production of higher breeds for local and exports markets;

(j) To boost the diversification of the economy by growing the cattle industry to take advantage of export markets.

  1. The Creation of a Department of Cattle Ranches Under the Federal Ministry of Agriculture or any such ministry overseeing the production and rearing of livestock including Cattle.

(i) -(a). There is hereby established Under the Federal Ministry of Agriculture or any such ministry overseeing the production and rearing of livestock including Cattle, a department of Cattle Ranches.

The Department shall be made up of:

(b) A Director who shall head the Department and report directly to the Permanent Secretary of the ministry.

(ii) Qualifications For Position Of Director.

While all other Federal Civil Service requirements for promotion or appointment to the position of a Director subsist, a Director of the Department of Cattle Ranches must also:

(a) Hold a first degree in any of Animal Science, Agricultural Science, Soil Science or any other closely related field;

(b) Hold at least a postgraduate qualification in management or administration;

(c) Hold a reputable certification in any of: Cattle management; Cattle Health; Ranch Management; or beef production.

(iii) The hosting ministry shall, in conjunction with the Federal Civil Service Commission, recruit for the department, such number of employees as the department may require in all the States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory.

  1. Functions and Powers Of the Cattle Ranches Department.

-(i) Facilitate and or sanction the lease or sell of land by persons, communities, Local, State and Federal Governments for the purpose of Cattle ranches;

(ii) Inspect the establishment of ranches; register and issue ranching permits to all cattle ranches;

(iii) Keep a manual register as well as an electronic register of all cattle ranches in the country and make the register easily available to all;

(iv) Set establishment and operational standards for all cattle ranches;

(v). Ensure compliance with mandatory veterinary checks on cattles and assist in the deployment of quarantine or bio-security measures when needed;

(vi). Set the standards for commercial and personal ranches as well as ranches for dairy needs or just for calves including those for cattle;

(vii) Enforce restrictions and conditions on movement of cattle outside ranches and doubly ensure that cattles are ONLY raised on ranches permitted by the department.

(viii) Ensure that where movement or transportation of cattle becomes impossible to avoid, that the movement does not lead to trespass on crop farms nor disturbance to flow of traffic on roads;

(ix) Regardless of the provisions in subsection (viii) above, any movement of up to 15 cattles in a herd conveyed by themselves or in a truck, lorry, ship, train must receive the authorisation of the Cattle Ranching Department;

(x) A stray cattle when caught by a third party or in possession of a third party, must be kept in good not worse condition while effort is made to reach the owner or local authority, which ever is more easily accessible;

(xi) On becoming aware of a missing cattle, the owner or operator of a ranch shall report to the local authority within 48 hours of becoming aware of the fact;

(xii). Ranches must be properly fenced to avoid cattle straying from them;

(xiii). Ranching licenses or permits may be withdrawn upon non-compliance with the ranching rules and regulations already brought to the awareness of ranch owners or operators;

(xiv). The Cattle Ranching Department shall help share knowledge of best husbandry practises as well as on best selling breeds in addition to facilitating the procurement of such breeds;

(xv). The Department must cultivate a close industry relationship with associations of Cattle rearers; cattle sellers; abattoirs; and consumers of beef;

(xvi). The Department shall make such other rules and regulations that will impart positively on the industry standards for a thriving cattle business.

  1. Any person who violates any provision of this bill or those other rules and regulations as shall be deemed fit by the’ department shall be arrested and prosecuted in a customary or magistrate court and if convicted, shall be fined, imprisoned or both and the extent of such fines and imprisonment shall be as deemed fit by the court for as far as the penalty is adjudged sufficient to deter repeat violations.
  2. The department shall have powers to fix the costs of permits relying majorly on size and purpose of ranch.
  3. The full commencement of cattle ranches and other functions and powers vested in the department shall come into force not later than five (5) years after the assent of this bill. The active participation of the Miyetti Allah Cattle Rearers Association and other stake holders in the cattle industry should be craved and all such bodies shall have an opportunity to contribute in the facilitation of the full commencement of this law within the stipulated period.
  4. Except otherwise stated;

The department shall mean “Department of Cattle Ranches”.

Authorities or Local Authorities shall mean an official of the department or the police or the civil defence. A Ranch shall mean an area certified and permitted as such by the department for the rearing and production of cattle. Full commencement means the beginning of the full implementation of this bill.

Citation

  1. This Bill may be cited as the Cattle Ranching Bill, 2015.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

This bill seeks to alter our husbandry practises towards cattle to ensure more productivity and profitability of cattle business as well as lead to trading in the cattle exports markets with a view to improving on the country’s trade balance; boost the beef industry and contribute to diversifying our economy while also halting the clashes between our farmers and our herders.

 

 


Disclaimer

Comments expressed here do not reflect the opinions of vanguard newspapers or any employee thereof.