By Haroon I Balogun
Hajj is the Muslim pilgrimage to the holy land of Makkah and other places in Saudi Arabia during the month of Hajj with specific conditions. Hajj is the last pillars of Islam, after Kalimatu Shahadah (the testimony that none is worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad (SAW) is His Apostle and Messenger); the five daily Salats; the fasting of Ramadan and the Zakat (compulsory alms giving).
Hajj is compulsory only on any Muslim that is able to meet its conditions at least once in a life time. It is therefore compulsory on all Muslim preparing for Hajj now or in nearest future to know how Hajj is performed.
The writer observed during his Hajj that many of those who performed Hajj rituals from Nigeria, especially for the first time could not perform them correctly. And among the main factors responsible for their errors were lack of knowledge of how Hajj is performed. As a result, we shall examine Hajj rites taking into consideration the special nature of pilgrims from Nigeria in its preparation so that it will be useful to them in particular and all Muslims in general.
PRE-REQUISITE OF HAJJ: Before Hajj can serve its spiritual and mundane purposes in the life of a pilgrim, an intending pilgrim must met the conditions of Hajj and must make certain provisions before leaving home. The following are conditions of Hajj and some of its provisions.
CONDITIONS OF HAJJ: (1) Islam: Must be a practice Muslim with sound ‘Aqidah (doctrine, belief, faith). Unfortunately, it is disheartening that many who claim to be Muslim today lack this vital qualities, heedless of the fact that faith is one of the conditions of the validity of deeds and its approval in Islam.
Besides, he must be a true Muslim and must not involve in acts that nullifies Iman (belief). The ten most common ones according to the Qur’an Hadith are (i) Associating partner with Allah, (ii) Setting up intermediary between oneself and Allah (iii) not considering Mushrikeen to be unbelievers, (iv) believing that some guidance is better than what the Prophet’s (SAW) came with, (v) hating something that the Messenger (SAW) came with, (vi) mocking something of the faith, (vii) practicing sorcery, (viii) Supporting the polytheists against the Muslims, (ix) believing that some people are permitted to deviate from the Shariah, (x) turning away from the religion of Allah, neither learning its precepts nor acting upon it.
(2) Adult: Must have attained adulthood, although if a child performs Hajj, he will be rewarded for it, however this will not suffice him as regards the Hajj prescribed in Islam; (3) Reason: Must be of a sound state of mind and in full control of his mental faculties; (4) Ability: This include the following: (i) Must be healthy and physically fit, to undergo the rigours of the journey and rites. (ii) Must be sure that the way to the holy land is saves and secure from any danger. (iii) Must be financially sound enough to be able to bear all of the expenses for Hajj, also to provide adequately for his dependants before leaving home.
About ceremonial impurity
Could you please advise when it is necessary to remove the state of ceremonial impurity immediately after one gets into it. This becomes extremely difficult in the case of newly weds or for any person who has involuntary urine discharge.
The state of janabah, occurs as a result of ejaculation, whether involuntary, as in the case of a wet dream, or deliberate, or as a result of sexual intercourse. To remove it, one has to have a full bath, washing his head and every part of his body with water according to how it was prescribed.
It is not necessary to use toilet soap in ghusl, what is important is that all parts of the body must be washed following the laid down rules. Again, it is not possible to offer prayers while a person is in a state of ceremonial impurity.
Therefore, it is strongly recommended to remove that by taking a bath immediately. It is not good to delay it because it may result into missing an obligatory salat. There is no harm in having it having it as many times as necessary in the day especially for newly married couples. As many times as you fall into a state of impurity, you have to purify yourself. If it happens two or three times, without taking a shower in between, one shower would be required before salat to remove it.
Again, suppose a person goes to sleep after he had prayed Subhi, and on waking up he discovers that he has had a wet dream. He then realizes that he must leave home immediately because he is late for work. That is appropriate, if he knows that he will come back before Zhur time and he will be able to have his shower and pray Zhur on arrival.
Involuntary discharge of urine is an illness which can be treated. For the purposes of prayer, however, one should make sure that the urine does not fall on his clothes or his body. A urinal discharge does not cause ceremonial impurity but needs washing of the affected areas of the body only. Cleanliness is next to Godliness.
Allah knows best