African continent accounts for 10% global cybercrime incidents – IDC, NUS

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BY EMEKA AGINAM
While governments are increasingly partnering with local associations and vendors to combat the scourge of piracy and the associated risk of cybercrime, a joint new study by IDC and the National University of Singapore (NUS), has revealed that African continent account for ten percent of global cybercrime incidents.

The study was released yesterday as part of Microsoft’s “Play It Safe” campaign, a global initiative to create greater awareness of the connection between malware and piracy.

According to the report, enterprises worldwide are expected to spend nearly $500 billion in 2014 to deal with issues caused by malware deliberately loaded onto pirated software, $127 billion dealing with security issues, of which $8 billion accrues from the Middle East and Africa, and $364 billion dealing with data breaches respectively.

“Using pirated software is like walking through a field of landmines: You don’t know when you’ll come upon something nasty, but if you do it can be very destructive.

“The financial hazards are considerable, and the potential losses could leave once-profitable businesses on shaky ground. Buying legitimate software is less expensive in the long run , at least you know that you won’t get anything ‘extra’ in the form of malware.” John Gantz, chief researcher at IDC.

This is even as Microsoft Nigeria has already partnered with the Nigerian Copyright Copyright Commission (NCC) to combat piracy, which according to the 2011 BSA Global Software Piracy Study, currently sits at 83% across the East and Southern Africa region.

Microsoft said it was committed to protecting its unsuspecting consumers from downloading or purchasing nongenuine software that exposes victims to malware that can lead to identity theft, loss of data and system failures.

According to the report, global consumers are expected to spend $25 billion, including Middle East and African consumers who will pay $2 billion, on security threats and costly computer fixes stemming from malware on pirated software. This will also amount to 1.2 billion hours of wasted time in 2014.

The study, titled “The Link Between Pirated Software and Cybersecurity Breaches,” also revealed that 60 percent of consumers surveyed say their greatest fear from infected software is the loss of data, files or personal information, followed by unauthorized Internet transactions (51 percent) and hijacking of email, social networking and bank accounts (50 percent). However, 43 percent of those same respondents do not install security updates, leaving their computers open to attack by cybercriminals.

“There is now a firm link between the detected malware on illicit software and criminal organizations, for whom malware in pirated software can be a lucrative vector for cyberattacks. With many of these criminal organisations also behind the distribution of infected software, it means that an increase in software piracy translates to an increased vulnerability to cyber attacks.

“In the sub-Saharan region, the internet population is fast growing, meaning a large and unsuspecting base of targets to cybercriminals. Combine this with the lack of strong cybercrime laws and high piracy rate on the continent and its clear why we’re seeing more and more people fall victim to attacks.”, Daniel Kamau, Anti-piracy lead for sub-Saharan Africa said.

While government officials expressed concern about the potential impact of cybersecurity threats to their nations, the survey further reealed that governments were most worried about the loss of business trade secrets or competitive information (59 percent), unauthorized access to confidential government information (55 percent), and the impact of cyberattacks on critical infrastructure (55 percent).

It is estimated that governments could lose more than $50 billion to deal with the costs associated with malware on pirated software, according to the report.

However, on this occasion of ” The Microsoft Play it Safe Day “, The Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC) has reminded all Nigerians that:, “Supplying pirated software material is a criminal offence under The Copyright Act, which can earn the supplier, a fine of up to a 1000 Naira for each offending item and or a custodial sentence of up to 5 years in prison. Furthermore, any one who buys pirated software material, may find themselves being charged as an accessory to a criminal offence”

According to the Comission, apart from the criminal charge, supplying pirated software material, is also a civil infringement of the copyright owners rights; which apart from the criminal sentence,can also simultaneously attract heavy monetary damages against the offending supplier.

Using pirated software, NCC said leaves the computer or other implicated system of such user,exposed to malware, cybercrime/cyber insecurity, which can put sensitive personal and or business information at risk, ” Afam Ezekude, Executive director, Nigerian Copyright Commission.

“Play It Safe” ; stay out of prison; keep yourself from punitive civil liability; protect your computers and digital systems from malware and cybercrime,do not supply or patronise pirated software” NCC cautioned.

For David Finn, executive director and associate general counsel, Microsoft Cybercrime Center, “Cybercriminals are profiting from any security lapse they can find, with financially devastating results for everyone.

“Motivated by money, they’ve found new ways to break into computer networks so they can grab whatever they want: your identity, your passwords and your money. That’s why at the Microsoft Cybercrime Center, we’re focused on putting an end to these malicious acts to keep personal and financial data safe and secure, while reducing the financial incentive for criminals.”

The NUS forensics analysis of 203 new PCs loaded with pirated software found that a staggering 61 percent of the PCs were pre-infected with unsafe malware, including Trojans, worms, viruses, hacktools, rootkits and adware. These PCs, purchased through resellers and PC shops in 11 markets, included more than 100 discrete threats.

“It is hugely concerning that brand new PCs are coming pre-infected with dangerous malware due to pirated software, making the users and companies readily vulnerable to security breaches,” said Professor Biplab Sikdar, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, adding that, “The university’s forensic tests clearly indicate how cybercriminals are increasingly leveraging the unsecure supply chain of piracy to spread malware and compromise PC security in a serious way. We would only recommend usage of genuine software for online safety and cybersecurity.”

The global study surveyed 1,700 consumers, IT workers, chief information officers, and government officials in Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and analyzed 203 computers acquired in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United States.

This year’s research is an extension of IDC’s 2013 study, “The Dangerous World of Counterfeit and Pirated Software,” differentiated by the attitude of government officials as well as the analysis of new markets, making the economic connection to cybercrime.

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