Inside the $9 billion Dangote petroleum refinery

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By FRANCIS AWOWOLE -BROWN

Aliko Dangote is a business juggernaut whose middle name is entrepreneur. He is never dissuaded from entering new businesses despite the general inclement operating business environment. Given his foray into many different business terrains and the successes he has recorded thereof, it would appear he has the uncanny ability to juggle different balls at the same time and get results.

He has been declared the richest black man on the planet earth, yet his humility will surprise you. He remains unaffected by the lofty heights he has attained in business.

His business acumen is unparalleled. From the humble beginning, Dangote has nurtured a trading company to a pan-African conglomerate and a force to be reckoned with in the global arena using creativity, innovation, style, patience and commitment to his dream.

He made a bold move to acquire the Kaduna refinery in 2007 along with one of his friends in response to the government’s call to help rejuvenate the ailing refinery which, by then, had become a draining pipe to the Federal Government. For one reason or the other, Dangote returned the refining plant  to government. Since then, he had been on the drawing board deploying his business dexterity on the best way to enter into the critical oil and gas sector.

The global business community would have been shocked, last week, when it was announced that the business mogul was ready to build, in his home country, the biggest petroleum refinery in Africa. This is a feat thought to be unrealizable given that many who had been licensed to build refinery years ago failed to commence business citing the deregulation policy as a hindrance.

Those in that school of thought would have then swallowed their pride when Dangote gathered a consortium of local and international banks in Abuja to sign a term loan agreement to the tune of $3 billion to execute the refining plant project, a fertilizer plant as well as petrochemical facilities. Other African financial institutions are also expected to bring some facility while the man himself is coming on board with an amount equaling the sum being put together by all the banks. The total investment is $9 billion.

*Alhaji Aliko Dangote

*Alhaji Aliko Dangote

This is a giant stride, the facility itself is historic as it remains the largest loan facility to any individual by Nigerian banks. What this says of Dangote is that the banks could vouch for his integrity and honesty of purpose when it comes to business.

And so Dangote, President/Chief Executive of Dangote Group, made an audacious foray into a new territory, petrochemical and oil and gas refinery business. Whatever myth around the petroleum refinery sub-sector of the oil and gas industry, which made other sectorial stakeholders see importation of  petroleum products as making a better investment sense than going into local refining, Dangote has destroyed it while also removing the veil when he signed the N528 billion term loan with the banks to finance the project.

By this singular act,Dangote has proven once again that he is a value creating investor in the domestic economy who will risk his money to stimulate Nigeria’s economy as opposed to other investors with undiluted appetite for importation as only business option.

Just as we experienced before now in the cement industry, where local demand then far outweigh supply, before Dangote’s intervention raised supply to meet national demand, government has consistently cited fuel importation as a major setback for the economy.  Therefore, at the completion of the Dangote refinery, national supply would be upped by 100 per cent. It would then mean that Dangote, as a patriotic Nigerian investor, has helped in closing the gap created by that national deficiency.

Dangote sought the commercial loan to augment his own contribution in the same region as the borrowed facility. Work commenced on the construction of these plants with the fertilizer plant being sited in Edo and the petrochemical and petrol refining plants situated at OKNLG Free Trade Zone bordering Ogun and Ondo states.

Dangote revealed that the contract for the refinery and petrochemical plant has been awarded to UOP, a subsidiary of Honeywell International, a Fortune 500 company and US-based conglomerate that specializes in consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems.

The project manager for the refinery and petrochemical plant is India Engineers Limited, an Indian government-owned company credited with the setting up of refineries in India, while the contract for the fertilizer plant has been awarded to oil and gas contractor, Saipem, a subsidiary of Italy’s Eni, which already has a presence in Nigeria.

Giving the details of the project regarding the scope of the project and the production capacities of the various plants, Dangote indicated that the fertilizer plant is designed with a capacity to produce 2.75 million MTPA of amonia and urea; the refining plant with overall capacity 400,000 bpd and the petrochemical plant to produce poly propylene to the tune of 600, 000MTPA

The refining and petrochemical plants, Dangote stated further, will be the largest in Africa and have been designed to produce Euro 5 quality standard as compared to the Euro 3 currently sold in the Nigerian market. On completion, he stated the refined products output would be gasoline (PMS) of 7.684 million MTPA; diesel-5.30 million MTPA; jet fuel/kerosene-3.740 million MTPA; LPG-0.213million MTPA; and slurry/fuel oil-0.625million MTPA.

There is no doubt that the projects is the single largest individual investment since the commencement of the democratic government in Nigeria. Said Dangote at the agreement signing in Abuja: “This is our contribution to the present government’s economic transformation agenda and it forms part of our expansion initiatives of our Group which size has, in the last five years, increased ten-fold to a market capitalization of $22 billion.

Dangote Group today accounts for over 30% of the total market capitalization of the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). Our massive expansion, in the last five years, has coincided with the tenure of this administration and has been due mainly to the formulation and implementation of progressive policies of this government like the cement backward integration policy that has seen Nigeria achieve self-sufficiency in cement production.

“It is on record that this administration has helped create and maintain the enabling environment that has encouraged us to invest over $6 billion in the Nigeria cement manufacturing industry in the last seven years.

“We are happy to inform you that we are not resting on our oars as we through this letter want to inform you of our recent decision to make possible what could.”

The richest man in Africa expressed happiness that, due to the vastly improved investor-friendly environment in Nigeria, there was a tremendous response by reputable international finance organizations to participate in the loan syndication.

However, analysts are of the view that, apart from the removal of the bottleneck created by fuel importation and its attendant corruptive tendencies, the job opportunities would remain unquantifiable as direct and multiplier effect of jobs to be created would engage over 25, 000 people. Thus, poverty will be reduced  and standard of living of many shored up.

Besides, the coming on stream of the projects will eliminate fuel scarcity, kerosene shortage and other problems associated with availability and affordability of petroleum products in the country. It means that the days of long queues at the filling stations for petrol and kerosene will soon be over.

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