As-salam Alaikum waramotullai, wa barakatuh
Tarawih prayers are prayed in pairs of two and can be prayed in at least 10 rak’ah. While some schools say the prayers should be 20, some say 8 while some put it at 36. Without concerning ourselves with the details of these schools, suffice to say that Tarawih is a supererogatory prayer that is offered after Salat Isha’a during Ramadan.
Every activity in the month of Ramadan should be for seeking the blessings of Allah. Succintly put, the Tarawih is considered part of Ramadan. In the early days of Islam in Mecca, the companions of the Prophet and his successors used to make prolonged rak’ah during Ramadan.
So long that hey would take a rest after offering every four Rak’ah. The Rak’ah were done with the recitation of long surahs and after every four, they take a rest. This is how it came to be named Tarawih which means ‘Rest prayer’. Again, the point of rest was also called Tarweehah.
Like in all other supererogatory prayers, Tarawih is meant to make up for our less perfect obligatory prayers in the month of Ramadan. Scholars say the essence is to make every part of our prayers become perfect, just like we were taught how to fast without blemish.
Our prayers are so important that it shall be our first account to be rendered before Allah. In an authentic hadith reported by Imam At-Tirmithi, Abu-Dawud, An-Nisai and others, the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said: “The first of his actions for which a servant of Allah will be held accountable on the day of resurrection will be his prayers. If they are in order, then he will have prospered and succeeded; and if they are wanting, then he would have failed.
Bukhari and Muslim reported that the Prophet Muhammad (saws) said: “Whoever offers optional prayers like Tarawih prayers throughout the nights of Ramadan, believing in Allah and seeking His rewards, his previous sins will be forgiven.”
Tarawih can be performed individually at home or at the mosque.
If for some reason you cannot go to the mosque, you can pray Tarawih at home.At this point, we should endeavour to observe Tarawih in the mosque behind Imam in congregation.
All ibadah in the month of Ramadan are huge in their rewards are great before Allah. Tarawih is one of them.