Thereafter, both father and son, were commanded by Allah (SWT) to build the Baitullah, the House of Allah in Makkah and Prophet Ibrahim (a.s) was commanded to call for the pilgrimage. Until today millions visit the house of Allah (SWT) and this will continue until the day of judgement.
Scholars mention that the reason the hearts of men incline towards the House of Allah has little to do with the cosmetic appearance of the Baitullah. In fact as much as the Haramain has been developed and advanced in architecture and other ways the actual Kaaba has remained essentially the ‘cube’ that it has always been.
The thing which literally draws the hearts of men towards it is in fact the underlying sacrifices of Ibrahim (a.s) and his family as well as of the thousands of Ambiya who underwent untold hardships and difficulties for the establishment of Tawhid and the raising of the name of Allah (SWT) on the surface of this earth.
The first twelve or so years of the Prophet’s life in Makkah was one characterised by all forms of abuse, torture, difficulty, persecution and alienation – both for him and his Companions (May Allah be pleased with them) purely for the sake of the re establishment of what the Kaaba was a symbol for – the Tawhid of Allah (SWT).
It can be said that the hearts of the Companions were placed in the ‘furnace of sacrifice’ so as to emerge pure and enlightened free of the impurities and darkness of ignorance and polytheism. Each Companion emerged as the living embodiment of Tawhid ready to be the lanterns of guidance for humanity that until then had, for 600 years, been groveling in the quagmire of ignorance and idol worshipping.
When this purified and refined group had been prepared, Allah (SWT) set in motion the second part of this process that would herald the transformation of the Arabian Peninsula as well as propelled this group of ‘backward desert dwellers’ to becoming the beacons of faith and justice in a world drowned in the injustice of faithlessness – the migration to Medina Munawwarah and the establishment of the Islamic state and subsequently the Islamic Khalifate.
In Medina, the community of believers began to grow in number from approximately 250 at the time of the Hijrah (Migration) to 10, 000 at the time of the conquest of Makkah, some eight years later in the month of Ramadaan. There were two reasons for this.
Firstly, Medina offered a stable environment for the establishment of the Islamic way of life and secondly every Muslim was prepared and made to understand that he/she was a representative of the Noble Messenger of Allah (s.aw.) and, as such, was responsible for the establishment of Tawhid and the Islamic way of life in the whole world across all political, social and cultural divides.
It was at this juncture that the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula came in to the fold of Islam and an it was also at this time that the Noble Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) destroyed the idols that had until then remained in the Kaaba. This was symbolic of the fact that now that the ‘idols’ that the hearts of man concealed, were destroyed, it was time for the destruction of the physical manifestation of idol worship in the Holy sanctuary which would never return to the Arabian peninsula.
In the next two years people entered Islam in droves and in Dhula Qa’dha of the 10th year of the Hijrah the Prophet (s.a.w) announced his intention to perform Hajj-the only obligation outstanding in his prophetic mission of 23 years. His mission had, by this time, been completed to all intents and purposes. To a people steeped in ignorance and darkness, he gave light and inspired them with belief in Allah (SWT), the sole Creator, Master and Sustainer of the Universe.
To a disunited people, engaged in mutual rivalry and perpetual warfare, he gave unity of thought and action. He had revealed the love of Allah (SWT) and His will to mankind and had given it a visible expression by founding a society on the basis of righteousness, piety and God-consciousness, the like of which is not to be found in the whole history of humanity.
The Prophet (s.a.w) had delivered to humanity the final truth with all its necessary implications. Together with this, he had prepared a group of companions who were trained by none other than the Master himself who were prepared to spend every resource whether physical, mental or financial for the establishment of Tawhid throughout the length and breadth of the earth.
The lives of the Sahabah leaves no doubt whatsoever of this fact whether it was leaving their homes, sacrificing their families, spending all their wealth even sacrificing their innermost desires for the sake of the establishment of the religion of truth in the world.
It was at the farewell pilgrimage that the collective responsibility of all the Prophets had culminated and now that responsibility had been placed squarely on the shoulders of his 124 000 Companions and in turn on the shoulders of every individual of this Ummah until Qiyamah in the following words.
“Let those of you who are present inform those that are absent. There will be NO PROPHET AFTER ME and no nation after you. (He then asked) Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)?
The Companions replied in unison ‘Yes you have O Messenger of Allah’ Then pointing to the sky he said (three times), ‘O Allah! You bear witness that I have conveyed the message’” This responsibility was understood and fulfilled by that blessed gathering, the like of which the sky will never cover again, never.