By Lawani Mikairu with Agency reports
ABUJAâ€”PRESIDENT Goodluck Jonathan has congratulated the new British Prime Minister, Mr. David Cameron, and the British people, on the victory of the Conservative Party at the just-concluded elections.
In a statement issued by the Special Adviser to the President on Media,Â Mr. Ima Noboro, he described the Conservativesâ€™ return to power in Britain, after being in opposition for so long, as momentous.
He lauded the process that saw to the eventual victory of the Conservative Party, stating that the decisive manner in which the budding stalemate was resolved was loaded with lessons for developing democracies.
Prime Minister, David Cameron and the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg, made history, yesterday, when they formed a coalition government.
The coalition is the first time the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats have had a power-sharing deal at Westminster and the first coalition in the UK since the Second World War of 1945.
Mr. Cameron, leader of the Conservative Party, entered a lengthenedÂ negotiation with Nick Clegg of the Liberal Democrat, when his party, though won majority seats in last Thursday’s election, did not have the required number to form a government. A hung parliament was, therefore, inevitable.
Cameronâ€™s arrival in Downing Street marks the end of 13 years of Labour rule. Cameron, who is six months younger than Tony Blair was when he won power in 1997, is the youngest prime minister since 1812 and the first Old Etonian to hold the office since the early 1960s.
The new coalition government has pledged to cut the huge budget confronting Britain. There is rising unemployment figures which Cameron said is another sign â€œof the economic mistakes of the past decadeâ€ and said no government in modern times had been left with â€œsuch a terrible economic inheritanceâ€.
Their agenda is â€˜â€™to cut the deficit, support troops, clean up politics and build a â€œstronger societyâ€.In a joint press conference in the Downing Street garden, Mr Cameron said the coalition government could mark a â€œhistoric and seismic shiftâ€ in British politics.
He said they had discussed having a minority Conservative government, supported by the LiberalÂ Democrats on key votes but had concluded that was â€œuninspiringâ€. Instead the two parties had decided to go for a full coalition to be â€œan administration united behind three key principles – freedom, fairness and responsibility.
The ideological and partyâ€™s policies differences between the two partiesÂ has been a major concern since the announcement of the coalition, But Mr CleggÂ admitted both party leaders were taking â€œbig risksâ€ but said it would be a â€œnew politicsâ€: â€œItâ€™s a new kind of government, a radical, reforming government where it needs to be and a source of reassurance and stability at a time of great uncertainty in our country too.â€
Both Prime Minister Cameron and his deputy CleggÂ laughed off differences between the parties and animosity in the past. Mr Cameron evenÂ apologised after a past description of Mr Clegg as a joke was brought up by a reporter. He said they wanted to make it work adding: â€œIf it means swallowing some humble pie, and it means eating some of your words, I canâ€™t think of a more excellent diet.â€
The appointment ofÂ ministers to the Cabinet has started with the coalition partner, Liberal Democrats having five cabinet ministers.Â The Foreign Secretary is Mr William Hague. The Chancellor of the Exchequer isÂ George Osborne and Business/banking hasÂ Vince Cable as secretary. Defence is headed byÂ Liam Fox, Health by Andrew Lansley ,Energy/Climate by Chris Huhne, Justice by Ken Clarke, Home Secretary is Theresa May, Business is Vince Cable, Schools hasÂ Michael Gove ,Chief Secretary to Treasury is David Laws, Scottish Secretary is Danny Alexander, and Communities Secretary is Eric Pickles.