The following shows facts about the Educational sector in Nigeria compiled Vanguard’s repoter,Â Emmanuel Edukugho.
â€¢Although elementary education is compulsory, data from national household surveys revealed that the net primary school attendance in Nigeria from 2000-2007 only 68% of eligible males, 59% of eligible females attend primary schools.
â€¢Only 41.6% and 38.3% of males and females respectively complete primary school education.
â€¢At secondary school level, only 36% of males and 29% of females are eligible for enrolment in secondary schools for the same period.
â€¢Of the over one million secondary school students who take JAMB examination for admission into tertiary institutions, less than 10% meet the criteria for admission into the university.
â€¢That 52% of respondents in a survey confirmed that they have experienced sexual abuse which has become so common in our education system.
â€¢Budgeting allocation to education in Ogun state had risen to 26% in the stateâ€™s total annual budget and the teacher-pupil ratio has gone from one teacher to 55 pupils to one teacher to 25 pupils.
â€¢Nigeria has spent N329 billion on projects relating to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) between 2006 and 2008, representing 16% Federal Governmentâ€™s budget for the period, which is about N110 billion yearly, of which the Federal Governmentâ€™s share stood at N750 million, while the 36 states spent N240 million. About 15% of the N320 billion was expended on education, 18% on health, 13% on water and 8% on agriculture. The National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) took 12%, while the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) went with 8%.
â€¢In 2009, the MTN Foundation came with the MTNF Science and Technology Scholarship Scheme in which 500 students drawn from universities across the country benefitted. Each of them received N200,000 to cover tuition and books for 2010/2011 academic session. Awardees who maintained a minimum GPA of 3.5 will have their awards renewed.
â€¢Education Trust Fund (ETF), earmarked N41.4 billion as Special Intervention Fund (SIF), which can be accessed by tertiary institutions for infra structural upgrade. But any unaccessed money after November 30, 2010 completion period will be reverted to the chest.
â€¢A sizeable number of school-age children numbering about 10 million were outside the conventional school system, which the chairman of the Universal Basic Education Commission, Prof. Tunde Adeniran described as alarming. Itâ€™s a negation of the fundamental objectives of government in providing basic education to all Nigerian children, youths and adults.
â€¢The United Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), will have its maiden start on April 17, 2010 with a projected 1.5 million candidates expected to sit for the examination.
â€¢Â Federal Government revives scholarship scheme for students in tertiary institutions in the country. The Federal Ministry of Education would also ensure that other scholarship schemes that were no longer operational would equally be revamped while new ones would be introduced.
â€¢There has been paltry budgetary allocations to funding of scientific and technological development efforts. In 1986 and 1987 respectively, capital allocation to science and technology stood at 1.4% and 0.5% of the total federal government budget. It fell to 0.13% in 1988, but rose marginally to 0.15% and 0.22% in 1989 and 1990 respectively. By 2000 allocation to science and technology in total budget stood at 1.27%. This again fell to 1.19% in 2002 and further to 0.87% in 2004. These figures are considered far below the proposed 5% of annual budget for development of science and technology.
â€¢Nigeria is in the 94th position in the Global Competitiveness survey of 134 countries.
â€¢About N69.16 billion unutilised Universal Basic Education (UBE), matching grant is lying with Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
â€¢On Human Development index, Nigeria is ranked 148 out of 173 countries This reflects the lack of basic social services available in the country.
â€¢About 91% of the population lives on less than 2 dollars a day. Nigeriaâ€™s population is over 146 million people.
â€¢It costs more in Nigeria today to send a child to the nursery and kindergarten than to send a child to some secondary schools. Equally, the cost of secondary school education in some parts of Nigeria surpassed what is paid in universities.
â€¢In Lagos state alone, there are 1030 primary schools, 321 Junior Secondary Schools, 312 Senior Secondary Schools and 5 technical colleges. As to enrolment, primary schools have 471,019, junior secondary schools 321,956 and senior secondary schools with 265,465 students.