With recovery getting under way, Africa should now address longer term challenges to the continentâ€™s future, including governance issues and climate change, to be able to press ahead with the regionâ€™s economic transformation, IMF Managing, Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn said.
In a speech in Nairobi, Kenya, Strauss-Kahn assessed the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on Africa.
While noting that the turbulence had struck Africa through many different channels, he said that â€œall across the continent, we can see signs of life, with rebounds in trade, export earnings, bank credit, and commercial activity.â€
The IMF now expects growth of around 4Â½ percent in 2010.
â€œIn short, I think that Africa is back – although a lot depends on a global recovery that is in its early stages.â€
The IMF chief is on a trip to Kenya, South Africa, and Zambia to meet political, business, and civil society leaders and assess the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on Africa.
â€œThe twin challenges for Africa are to revive strong growth and reinforce resilience to shocks,â€ he stated in the speech on March 8 that set the scene for a panel discussion involving Kenyaâ€™s Prime Minister Raila Odinga, Finance Minister Uhuru Kenyatta, environmental activist and Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai, rock star and political activist Bob Geldof, and Transparency Internationalâ€™s Akere Muna.
The televised panel discussion took place in the University of Nairobiâ€™s auditorium, where an audience of around 500 students, community leaders, and officials found standing room only.
Moderator, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, put questions to the panelists that covered poverty relief, good governance, regional integration, intra-African trade, climate change financing, and the use of Africaâ€™s natural resources.
In the last half hour of the two-hour event, Hunter-Gault invited questions from students in the audience.
Strauss-Kahn said that because many African countries had undertaken good policies before the global economic crisis, this had helped to inoculate them against a more severe downturnâ€”strengthening budget positions, reducing debt burdens, holding down inflation, and building comfortable reserve cushions.
He noted that because debt positions had improved dramatically, many countries had been able to use the budget to counteract the crisis, including preserving social spending.