The question of our abundant human and natural resources are no longer in doubt. What is in doubt is how to harness these potentials for the greatness of our people, and the development of the country and the continent at large. I have mentioned the larger African continent because, the development or under development of our country will have a spill over effect on the rest of the continent. Nigeria is huge with massive potentials.
There are more the Nigerian people can do to harness these resources without necessarily depending on the government. The civil society groups have got more work to do in this aspect. Also, there is need to disseminate proper information so that people can become aware of what they can start doing both individually and as group.
Nigeria has massive solar energy, courtesy of the abundant sun. Just recently, Time international magazine of September 28th 2009, reported that Europe aims to cover a considerable proportion of their electricity needs over the next decades using solar power from Africa. This is not another colonization or neo-colonization but simply that we do not value what we have or that we do not know how to explore our God given resources for our own good. Nigeria is also blessed with abundant strong winds. Strong winds can be used to generate energy. India, Germany, United Kingdom, etc are already using wind turbines to generate electricity. Niger Delta States including other coastal regions in Nigeria will be well suited for wind turbine plants. This is because of the presence of strong winds emanating from the ocean. Having observed this, let the Nigerian private sector go into researches and partnership to explore these untapped resources. I am sure a lot of energy can be generated from these sources.
Power is very crucial to the development of any country. That was why many Nigerians became disappointed, when the National Assembly revealed the amount of money wasted on power without any mega watt added to the national grid. Solar and wind energy can be a better alternative source of energy. More so, itâ€™s equally environmentally friendly since the world is going green. There is need for wider private sector- led researches into this area. There are more to gain from these sources of energy. There is no point folding our hands while the Europeans come over to use the African solar to supplement their energy needs. Solar and wind energy can produce power cheaper. The question of distribution like laying electric cables, electric poles , will not be an issue. Thus homes, individual, groups and communities too remote to be reached by power cables can generateÂ their own without depending on the national grid.
In the United Kingdom, there are over 100,000 installed solar micro generation. This figure is set to rise, especially with the increased campaign to save the planet. With this method in place, we might begin to have steady power for both homeÂ and industrial needs.
Lets not forget our pleasant weather conditions (tropical climate), which I consider to be one of the best in the world. Our weather supports the cultivation of most cash crops and farm products. Nigeria can become the food basket of Africa if we want. You will begin to appreciate our weather more when you live in countries with adverse weather conditions. Most western and other foreign countries (United Kingdom, Canada, America, Germany, China, etc) can record between -1 to -20 degrees. Our weather is also quite suitable for tourism as most western tourist(s) prefer warm climates.
There is also need for us to start recycling our waste products. This is an area that requires more researches and more investments. The private sector/business leaders should look more into this process of converting waste to wealth. Nigeria has more waste to be converted to wealth. In 2008, the city of Leicester in United Kingdom recycled 33% of its waste. This city is the size of Enugu city/town. I have heard about the project by the Ekiti State government to generate electricity from waste. This is a good idea. Maybe other states, local governments and private sectors should copy from Ekiti state waste- to-energy project.
The level of recycling waste in Nigeria is low. There is more wealth to be created from our waste. A lot of employment opportunities can be created through this venture. The following waste can be recycled: paper, cardboard, newspapers, catalogues, magazines, glass bottles, plastic bottles, jars, aluminum, car batteries, cans, CDs, metal, electrical equipment, fluorescent tubes, ink, jet cartridges, used engine oil, video tapes, unused paints, asbestos materials, used cooking oil, etc. We can export our waste products like scrape metals.
At present, some researchers from Hokkaido University Japan in partnership with a business firm have produced the worldâ€™s first bio-diesel from used cooking oil. The product is called, Vegetable Diesel Fuel. This product (Vegetable Diesel Fuel) has been used to generate electricity in some events in Japan. We can borrow this technology and domesticate it in Nigeria . The major raw material (used cooking oil) can never be in short supply in Nigeria. Since it can generate electricity, it will be highly needed to substitute for the normal diesel and fuel, which is currently being used to generate power.